Tag Archives: Stuart Town recruits

Herbert William SPICER

Herbert William SPICER

Per his military service record (regimental no. 4897), ‘William Herbert Spicer’ was born at Wimmin, Victoria.[1]  (He signed his name Herbert William Spicer on his Attestation Paper, and other official records record his name as Herbert William Spicer, so it appears  his first and middle name may have not have been recorded in the correct order  on his service record). [2] He gave his age as 21 years and 2 months, his marital status as single, and his occupation as farm labourer. His description on his Certificate of Medical Examination was 5 feet 4 inches tall, weight 9 stone 6 lbs., with a fair complexion, gray eyes, and fair hair. His religious denomination was Anglican. He claimed that he had no previous military service.

He completed his Certificate of Medical Examination at Gilgandra on 12th October 1915, two days after the commencement of the Coo-ee March.  It is not clear exactly where he caught up with the Coo-ees, but he had joined them by the time they arrived at Wellington, as his Certificate of Medical Examination was co-signed at Wellington on 16th October 1915 (the day the Coo-ees arrived at that town).  He was attested by Captain T. A. Nicholas at Stuart Town on 20th October 1915.

After the Coo-ee March he went into Liverpool Camp as reinforcement for the 13th Battalion.

On the 31st of January 1916 Private Spicer was charged with being absent from parade. He was fined 5 shillings.

The Dimboola Banner and Wimmera and Mallee Advertiser reported on 31st March 1916 that ‘Private Herbert Spencer, youngest son of Mr F. W. Spicer, of Lochiel, who enlisted at Gilgandra, N.S.W., was one of the famous “Coo-ees,” who marched 320 miles to Sydney’.[3]  This information was provided to this newspaper by his brother-in-law, Mr. A. A. Fechner, formerly of Dimboola, who had moved to Gilgandra with his wife Lily (Herbert’s sister) about 1911.[4]

‘H. Spicer’ was presented with a watch and a wallet at a send-off held for the Gilgandra Coo-ees at the Australian Hall in Gilgandra on Friday 3rd March 1916.[5]

His name was recorded as ‘Herbert Spicer’ on his embarkation roll, and his address at time of enrolment was ‘Gilgandra’.  His next of kin was listed as his father, F. [Frederick William] Spicer, Dimboola, Victoria.

On 8th March 1916 Private Spicer departed Sydney on the HMAT A15 Star of England, along with many of the other Coo-ees, as part of the 15th reinforcements for the 13th Battalion. He arrived in Egypt on 11th April 1916.

On 16th April 1916 he was transferred to the 5th Division Cyclist Company (along with fellow Coo-ees Private Richardson and Private Megarrity).

On 17th June 1916 Private Spicer left Alexandria aboard the Transport Manitou bound for France.  He arrived at Marseilles on 25th June 1916.

On 8th July 1916 Private Spicer was attached to the 2nd ANZAC Headquarters as escort to the G.O.C. [General Officer Commanding] in France.  He was detached to join the 2nd ANZAC Cyclist Battalion on 28th September 1916.

On 10th October 1916 Private Spicer commenced a training course at the Signals School. He returned to his unit on 27th December 1916.

On 3rd February 1917 Private Spicer was charged with conduct to the prejudice of good order and military discipline, in that he did upon being issued with his rum contrary to regulations, hand it to another soldier. He was awarded 3 days Field Punishment No. 2.

On 26th March 1917 Private Spicer was detached for duty with the 2nd ANZAC Corps Anti-Aircraft Section.

He returned to his unit from this detachment on 19th of May 1917.

On 21st May 1917 he was detached for duty with the A.P.M. [Assistant Provost Marshal] 2nd ANZAC Corps.  He rejoined his unit on 5th June 1917.

On 23rd July 1917 he was sent to the Power Buzzer School. He returned to his unit on 1st August 1917.

On 4th August 1917 Private Spicer went on leave.  He returned from leave on 16th August 1917.

On 10th September 1917 the 2nd ANZAC Cyclist Battalion commenced work burying cable in the vicinity of La Clytte, Belgium, when the working parties came under attack by gas shelling.[6] Private Spicer was one of 43 men in his unit evacuated the next day with mustard gas poisoning. He was taken first to the 103rd Field Ambulance, then to the 9th Casualty Clearing Station, and the 11th Casualty Clearing Station.

On 12th September 1917 Private Spicer was placed aboard the 21st Ambulance Train for evacuation to the 53rd General Hospital at Boulogne, France.

On 23rd September 1917 he was transferred to the 1st Convalescent Depot at Boulogne. On 25th September 1917 he was transferred to the 10th Convalescent Depot.

On 18th November  1917 Private Spicer marched into the Base Depot at Le Harve, France. He rejoined his Battalion on 25th November 1917.

On 30th November 1917 Private Spicer was sent to the 43rd Field Ambulance, then back to the 10th Casualty Clearing Station sick. On 1st December 1917 he was placed aboard the 5th Ambulance Train.  He arrived at the 9th Convalescent Depot at Boulogne, France, on 2nd December 1917. On 4th December 1917 he was transferred to the 29th General Hospital at Boulogne.

He was discharged to Base Depot on 2nd February 1918. He rejoined his Battalion on 7th February 1918.

On 25th March 1918 Private Spicer was detached for duty with the 1st Australian Division Signals Company.

On 13th September 1918 Private Spicer went on leave to England.  He returned from leave on 29th September 1918.

On 24th January 1919 Private Spicer was officially transferred to the 1st Australian Division Signals Company.

On 4th June 1919 Private Spicer departed France to commence his return to Australia. He arrived at No. 1 Group at Longbridge, England, on 5th June 1919.

On 4th July 1919 Private Spicer departed England aboard the H.T. Norman bound for Australia.

He arrived in Sydney on 20th August 1919, and was discharged Termination of Period of Enlistment on 12th October 1919.

 

[1] NAA: B2455, SPICER HERBERT WILLIAM

[2] Herbert William Spicer, Victorian Birth Registration, 1896, Reg. no. 22234.

[3] ‘News and Notes’, Dimboola Banner and Wimmera and Mallee Advertiser,  31 March 1916, p. 2. Retrieved July 25, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article152834929

[4] ‘Obituary’, Gilgandra Weekly and Castlereagh, 18 June 1936, p. 4. Retrieved July 25, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article113030512

[5] ‘Our Soldiers’ Column’, Gilgandra Weekly, 10 March 1916, p. 14. Retrieved July 25, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article119923509

[6] Australian Imperial Force unit war diaries, 1914-18 War, AWM4 Subclass 12/2 – 2nd ANZAC Corps Cyclist Battalion, AWM4 12/2/15 – September 1917.

Daniel LYNCH

Daniel LYNCH

Per his military service record (regimental no. 5403), Daniel Lynch was born at Orange, N.S.W.[1]  He gave his age as 44 years and 3 months (although he appears to have been much older), his marital status as married, and his occupation as telegraph linesman.  His description on his Certificate of Medical Examination was height 6 feet 2 inches tall (so he was one of the tallest of the Coo-ees), weight 12 stone, with a fair complexion, blue eyes, and dark hair.  His religious denomination was Roman Catholic.  He claimed that he had no previous military service.  He completed his medical examination on 16th October 1915 at Wellington (while the Coo-ees were at Wellington), and was attested by Captain Nicholas at Stuart Town on 19th October 1915.

He was named (as “Lynch, D”) in the Wellington Times as one of the men who enlisted with the Coo-ees at Wellington.[2]

After completing the Coo-ee March he went to Liverpool Camp as 15th reinforcement for the 13th Battalion.

Whilst at the Liverpool Camp Private Lynch was charged with using obscene language to an NCO.  He was fined 1 Pound.  He was also absent without leave from the Liverpool Camp from the 18th to 31st January 1916, and from 1st to the 8th February 1916, a total of 22 days.

Private Lynch was involved in hearing at the Central Police Court on 25th January 1916, followed by a court case on 6th March 1916 at the Darlinghurst Quarter Sessions, in which another Coo-ee was charged with, and subsequently found guilty of, having assaulted him at Central Railway Station about midnight on January 16th 1916, and robbed him of two pounds.[3]

Private Lynch was transferred to 17th Reinforcement for the 13th Battalion in early 1916.

On his embarkation roll his address at time of enrolment was Percy Street, Wellington, N.S.W., and his next of kin is listed as his wife, Mrs M. E. [Mary Ellen] Lynch, at the same address.

On 9th April 1916 Private Lynch departed Sydney on the HMAT Nestor A71 (along with several other Coo-ees), bound for Egypt.

Photograph of HMAT A71 Nestor loaded with troops on an earlier voyage, taken 11 October 1915.  Part of the Australian War Memorial Collection. PB0607.

Photograph of HMAT A71 Nestor loaded with troops on an earlier voyage, taken 11 October 1915. Part of the Australian War Memorial Collection. PB0607.

On the 5th of June 1916 he was admitted to the 3rd Australian General Hospital at Abbassia, Egypt with injured ribs.  He was discharged on 20th June 1916.

On 2nd August 1916 Private Lynch was charged with being absent without leave from 1700 parade at Tel-el-Kebir.  He was awarded 3 days field punishment number 2.

On 6th August 1916 Private Lynch departed Egypt bound for England aboard the Transport Megantic.

On 22nd September 1916 Private Lynch departed the 4th Training Battalion in England bound for France.

He marched into the 4th Australian Division Base Depot at Etaples, France, on 24th September 1916.

A few weeks later, on 15th October 1916 Private Lynch was admitted to the 26th General Hospital at Etaples, France, suffering Rheumatism.

On 23rd October 1916 Private Lynch was placed aboard the Hospital Ship Stad Antwerpen at Boulogne, for transfer to England.  He was admitted to the Western Heights Military Hospital at Dover later that day.

On 30th October 1916 Private Lynch was transferred to the 3rd Australian Auxiliary Hospital at Dartford, England, with Myalgia.  A Medical Report of an Invalid form dated 1st November 1916 at this hospital in his service record listed his ‘true age’ as 51 years. (If this was his correct age at that time, it means he would actually have been about 50 years of age when he enlisted with the Coo-ees).

On 12th November 1916 Private Lynch was discharged and marched into the Number 2 Command Depot at Weymouth, England.

On 12th March 1917 Private Lynch was charged with being absent without leave in London from 2nd March 1917 till apprehended by the Military Police on 8th March 1917.  He was awarded 7 days confined to barracks and fined 7 days pay.

On 17th March 1917 Private Lynch departed England from Plymouth aboard the H.T. Beltana bound for Australia, for discharge over age and debility.

He arrived in Sydney on 15th May 1917.  Private Lynch was discharged medically unfit on 11th June 1917.

[1] NAA: B2455, LYNCH DANIEL

[2] ‘Hitchen’s Coo-ees’, Wellington Times, 18 October 1915, p. 3. Retrieved March 1, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article143388424

[3] ‘Soldier Charged’, The Sydney Morning Herald, 26 January 1916, p. 6. Retrieved March 1, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article28782852  ;’Coo-ees in a Brawl’, The Sun, 6 March 1916, p. 5 (Final Extra). Retrieved March 1, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article221356476

David James O’ROURKE

David James O’ROURKE

David James O'Rourke. Photograph courtesy of Warren O'Rourke.

David James O’Rourke (Photograph courtesy of Warren O’Rourke)

Per his military service record (regimental no. 2043), David James O’Rourke was born at Mudgee, N.S.W.[1]  He gave his age as 18 years and 4 months [though he was much younger], his marital status as single, and his occupation as labourer.  His mother Mrs Harriet Ann Lonergan signed the consent of parents or guardians section on his initial Application to enlist in the Australian Imperial Force form.  His description on his Certificate of medical examination was height 5 feet 8 inches tall, weight 155 lbs., with a fair complexion, brown eyes, and auburn hair.  His religious denomination was Roman Catholic.

He completed his medical examination at Wellington on 18th October 1915 (when the Coo-ees were at Wellington), and was attested by Captain Nicholas at Stuart Town on 19th October 1915.  He claimed he had no previous military service.

After completing the march he went to Menangle Park Camp as reinforcement for the 1st Light Horse Regiment.

On 1st June 1916 he was reallocated as a reinforcement for the 12th Light Horse Regiment.

On his embarkation roll his address as time of enrolment was Arthur Street, Wellington, N.S.W., and his next of kin is listed as his mother, Mrs Harriet Ann Lonergan, at the same address.

Trooper O’Rourke departed Melbourne on the HMAT A6 Clan Maccorquodale on 19th September 1916, with the 13th Reinforcements for the 12th Light Horse Regiment.

He arrived at Suez, Egypt, on 19th October 1916.  The next day, Trooper O’Rourke was sent to the Isolation Camp at Moascar.

On 12th November 1916 he marched into the 2nd Light Horse Training Regiment at Moascar.

On 24th February 1917 he was transferred to the 4th Light Horse Training Regiment.

On 15th March 1917 he was taken on strength of the 12th Light Horse Regiment whilst it was conducting training at Ferry Post, Egypt.

The following month, he was with the 12th Light Horse Regiment when it was involved in the Second Battle of Gaza 17th-19th April 1917.

On 26th August 1917 Trooper O’Rourke was detached to conduct guard duties at Khan Yunis.

On 29th August 1917 he was sent to the 65th Casualty Clearing Station with a septic throat.

On 6th of September 1917 he was transferred to the 24th Stationary Hospital with tonsillitis.

On 10th September 1917 he was admitted to the 14th Australian General Hospital at Abbassia, Egypt, with tonsillitis.

Trooper O’Rourke was discharged from hospital on 1st October 1917, and marched into the 2nd Light Horse Training Regiment on 2nd October 1917.

He rejoined the 12th Light Horse Regiment on 25th October 1917 when it was at Fara, preparing for the Battle of Beersheba.  Trooper O’Rourke was with the 12th Light Horse Regiment when it participated in the Charge of Beersheba on 31st October 1917.  Casualties for the 12th Light Horse Regiment were reported in the Regiment’s War Diary the next day as as 20 men killed, 19 men wounded, 44 horses killed, and 60 horses wounded.[2]

The Wellington Times reported that his mother Mrs H. A. Lonergan was ‘in receipt of a cable from her son, Trooper David O’Rourke, stating that he had gone safely through the recent big battle in Palestine, and was quite well’, and that Trooper O’Rourke was ‘only 18’.[3]

On 2nd April 1918 the 12th Light Horse Regiment was at Jaffa where Trooper O’Rourke was part of a watering party, leading three horses, when a horse in front of him kicked him in the left knee, which caused a contusion of the femur & tibia with much swelling.  Trooper O’Rourke was sent to 4th Light Horse Field Ambulance, then on 3rd April 1918 to the 43rd Stationary Hospital.

On 5th April 1918 he was moved to the 44th Stationary Hospital at Kantara.  On 6th April 1918 he was transferred to the 14th Australian General Hospital at Port Said.

On 12th June 1918 Trooper O’Rourke was discharged from hospital, with a Medical Board classification of B3, due to his injured knee.  On 19th June 1918 he was assigned to duties at the Depot Stores at Gezira.

On 16th September 1918 Trooper O’Rourke was admitted to the 31st General Hospital at Cairo sick. He was transferred to a Convalescent Hospital at Helouan on 12th December 1918.

He rejoined the Depot Stores on 25th January 1919.

On 2nd August 1919 Trooper O’Rourke departed Kantara, to commence his return to Australia aboard the H.T. Delta.  He arrived in Australia on 3rd September 1919.

The Freeman’s Journal reported on 11th September 1919 that his mother Mrs T. Lonergan ‘has received word that her son, Trooper D. J. O’Rourke, was expected to arrive at Melbourne this week. Trooper O’Rourke was one of the youngest members who left with the Coo-ees, being only sixteen years and four months when he enlisted.  He went over with 12th Light Horse and saw 4 years service with them in Egypt and Palestine.  He came through all the engagements safe and sound, though he had some narrow escapes, his horse being shot from beneath him on one occasion’.[4]

He was discharged Termination of Period of Enlistment on 19th October 1919.

[1] NAA: B2455, O’ROURKE DAVID JAMES

[2] AWM4 10/17/9 – October 1917, Australian Imperial Force unit war diaries, 1914-18 War, 12th Australian Light Horse Regiment.

[3] ‘Personal Pars’, Wellington Times, 26 November 1917, p. 2. Retrieved September 13, 2015, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article137413032

[4] ‘The gossip of the week : round about Australia’, Freeman’s Journal, 11 September 1919, p. 23. Retrieved April 28, 2015, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page13246397

 

Jacob Isak PALMGREN

Jacob Isak PALMGREN

Per his military service record (Depot), Jacob Isak Palmgren was born at Stockholm, Sweden. He stated he was a naturalised British subject. He gave his age as 33 years and 10 months, his marital status as single, and his occupation as engine driver. His description on his certificate of medical examination was height 5 feet 6 ½ inches tall, weight 154 lbs., with a dark complexion, blue eyes, and brown hair. His religious denomination was Lutherian.   He listed his next of kin as friend, Mr. W. Richard, Wongarbon, N.S.W.

“J. T. Palmyren” was reported in The Dubbo Liberal and Macquarie Advocate on 29th October 1915 as being one of the ‘Wongarbon boys’ with the Coo-ees.[1]

It appears he was one of the thirteen men who stepped forward and gave his name, ‘either to march under Captain Nicholas, or to come after harvest’, when the Coo-ees recruited in Wongarbon on 14th October 1915.[2]

He completed his medical examination on the 16th October 1915 at Wellington (while the Coo-ees were staying in this town).  He was attested by Captain Nicholas while the Coo-ees were at Stuart Town on the 19th October 1915. He claimed that he had no previous military service.

After completing the remainder of the Coo-ee March he went to Liverpool Camp as reinforcement for the 13th Battalion.

On 7th December 1915 he was charged with being absent without leave from the 3rd to the 7th of December 1915. He was fined 1 Pound.

The Wellington Times reported on 13th January 1916 that the ‘Wongarbon folk’ gave a farewell on New Year’s Eve to ‘the local lads who had joined the Coo-ees’, and were back in Wongarbon on final leave, and that the ‘guests of the evening were Sergeants T. Dowd and H. Davenport, and Privates W. McDonald, E. May, and J. Palmgren’.[3]  They were each presented with a wristlet watch.

Private Palmgren was charged with being absent without leave from the 1st to the 3rd February 1916, being absent from special all night piquet on 5th  February 1916, and being absent without leave from the 10th to the 13th February 1916.  He was fined another pound.

On 15th February 1916 Private Palmgren went before a Medical Board at Liverpool Camp due to bad haemorrhoids. On 22nd February 1916 Private Palmgren was discharged medically unfit.

On 30th December 1916 Jacob Isak Palmgren re-enlisted at Dubbo. He completed his medical examination, and was attested, at Dubbo on 30th December 1916.  He was at Sydney Showground Camp in 3rd Depot Battalion from 2nd January to the 4th January 1917, then was placed in the 9th reinforcements for the 45th Battalion on 4th January 1917.

On his embarkation roll his address at time of enrolment was Wongarbon, N.S.W.  His next of kin was listed as his friend, William Richard, Wongarbon, Western Line, N.S.W.  His religion was recorded on this document as Unitarian.

Private Palmgren (regimental no. 3432) departed Sydney on the HMAT Anchises A68 just over three weeks from re-enlisting, on 24th January 1917. He arrived at Devonport in England on 27th March 1917.

He marched into the 12th Training Battalion at Codford the same day.

Two days later, on 29th March 1917 Private Palmgren was admitted to the 1st Australian Dermatological Hospital at Bulford sick. He was transferred to Parkhouse on 23rd April 1917.  He was discharged from hospital on 9th May 1917.

On 2nd November 1917 Private Palmgren departed Southampton, England, for France, as reinforcement for the 45th Battalion.  He arrived in Havre, France, the next day, and marched in to the Australian Infantry Base Depot.

On 8th November 1917 he marched out to join the 36th Battalion.

On 17th November 1917 he was taken on strength of the 36th Battalion from the 9th reinforcements for the 45th Battalion, when the 36th Battalion was resting at Vieux-Berquin, France.

On12th February 1918 Private Palmgren was admitted to hospital sick. He rejoined the 36th Battalion on 14th February 1918.

On 30th April 1918 Private Palmgren was transferred to the 34th Battalion while it was at Franvillers.   He also was admitted to the Casualty Clearing Station sick with Influenza on the same day.

On 2nd May 1918 he was admitted to the 3rd Stationary Hospital at Rouen with Influenza. He was transferred to No. 2 Convalescent Depot at Rouen  on 6th May 1918. He was moved to the No. 1 Convalescent Depot at Rouelles the next day.  He was discharged to the Australian Infantry  Base Depot on  Havre on 17th May 1918.

On 12th June 1918 he marched back out to the Front , and rejoined his unit on 18th June 1918.

On 11th July 1918 Private Palmgren was charged with being absent without leave from 9.30 pm on 6th July 1918 to 9.30 pm on 8th July 1918. He was awarded 14 days Field Punishment No. 2 and forfeiture of 17 days days pay.

On 20th July 1918 he was admitted to the 5rh Casualty Clearing Station sick with Pyrexia. He rejoined his unit on 29th July 1918.

On 23rd August 1918 Private Palmgren was slightly wounded in action when the 34th Battalion was in the line near Vaire-sous-Corbie, France.  He remained on duty with the Battalion.

On 31st August 1918 he was wounded a second time when the 34th Battalion was attacking along the Somme River between Bray and Curlu, France. He was admitted to the 53rd Casualty Clearing Station. The next day we was evacuated, and admitted to the 2nd General Hospital in Havre on 1st September 1918, with a gunshot wound to his nose. On 7th September 1918 he was transferred to No. 1 Australian Convalescent Depot at Havre.

On 12th September 1918 Private Palmgren was discharged to the Australian Infantry Base Depot, where he was charged with when being on active service (1) drunkenness, and (2) absent from 9.30 pm to 9.45 pm on 9th September 1918. He was awarded forfeiture of 14 days pay.

He was admitted to the 39th General Hospital in Havre two days later, on 14th September 1918.  He remained in hospital until 5th November 1918, when he was discharge to the Australian Infantry Base Depot at Havre.

On 16th November 1918 Private Palmgren was charged with being absent with drunkenness and being absent without leave from 0930 to 2130 on 8th November 1918. He was also charged with being in town without a pass.  He was awarded 14 days field punishment no. 2, and forfeited 15 days pay.

Private Palmgren marched out to rejoin his unit on 2nd December 1918.

On 18th January 1919 Private Palmgren was chargd with being absent without leave from 0900 to 1930 on 5th January 1919, and drunkenness.  He was awarded 7 days field punishment no. 2, and forfeited 9 days pay.

Private Palmgren departed France on 21st April 1919, and marched in to Codford, England on 22nd April 1919.

He was granted leave from 20th June 1919 to report to Sutton Veny on 31st July 1919.  His leave was extended to 22nd August 1919.

Private Palmgren commenced his return to Australia from England aboard the H.T.  Euripides on 8th September 1919.  He disembarked in Sydney on 24th October 1919.

He was discharged termination period of enlistment on 1st December 1919.

 

[1] ‘Our Soldiers’, The Dubbo Liberal and Macquarie Advocate,  29 October 1915, p. 4. Retrieved December 18, 2016, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article77601711

[2] ‘The Route March’, The Farmer and Settler, 19 October 1915, p. 3. Retrieved December 26, 2016, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article116648940

[3] ‘Wongarbon’,  (1916, January 13). Wellington Times, 13 January 1916, p. 5. Retrieved December 18, 2016, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article143393008

 

William SMITH (4602 Gilgandra)

William SMITH (4602 Gilgandra)

Per his initial military service record (Depot), William Smith was born at Gilgandra, N.S.W.  He gave his age as 19 years and 11 months, his marital status as single, and his occupation as labourer.  His description on his Certificate of medical examination was height 5 feet 8 inches tall, weight 11 stone, with a dark complexion, blue eyes, and dark hair.  His religious denomination was Presbyterian.  William Smith completed his medical examination at Gilgandra on 11th October 1915 (the day after the Coo-ees had left Gilgandra), but was not attested by Captain Nicholas until when the Coo-ees were at Stuart Town on 20th October 1915.  He claimed to have previous military experience in the Gilgandra Rifle Club.

It is unclear exactly where William Smith caught up with the Coo-ees, but his initial Application to Enlist in the Australian Imperial Force form dated 11th October 1915 was addressed to the Recruiting Officer at Eumungerie, so it appears his intent was to catch up with the Coo-ees at Eumungerie.  His parents Thomas E. Smith and Margaret E. Smith both signed this form to give their consent, as he was under 21 years of age.   His “Joined on” date on his Attestation Paper was 19th October 1915 (when the Coo-ees were marching from Dripstone to Stuart Town).

He was known as one of Gilgandra’s 35 recruits.

After completing the Coo-ee March he went to Liverpool Camp for training.

Private Smith was examined by a Medical Board at Liverpool Camp, and was discharged as medically unfit on 29th November 1915.

On 1st November 1916 William Smith re-enlisted at Dubbo, and was appointed to Dubbo Depot Battalion.  This Attestation Paper listed his occupation as grocer, and his age as 21 years.  He claimed that he had previous military in the A.I.F., and that he had been discharged due to sickness.

On 9th November 1916 he was transferred to the reinforcements for the 30th Battalion at Liverpool Camp.

On Private Smith’s embarkation roll his address at time of enrolment was Newtown, Gilgandra, N.S.W., and his next of kin is listed as his mother, Mrs Emma Smith, at the same address.

Private Smith departed Sydney on the HMAT Beltana A72 on 25th November 1916 with the 12th reinforcements for the 30th Battalion.

He arrived at Devonport, England, on 29th January1917, and marched into the 8th Training Battalion at Hurdcott, England.

On 31st January 1917 Private Smith was sent to the Camp 10 Hospital at Hurdcott sick.  On 1st February 1917 he was transferred to the Fovant Military Hospital with Mumps.  He was discharged on 15th February 1917 and sent back to the 8th Training Battalion.

Five months later, on 14th July 1917 Private Smith was again admitted to the Camp 10 hospital sick.  He was discharged and returned to the 8th Training Battalion on the 23rd of July 1917.

On 29th August 1917 Private Smith was charged with being absent without leave from midnight on 28th August 1917 until brought back to camp under escort on 11th September 1917.  He was awarded 14 days detention, and forfeited 33 days pay.  He entered Woking Detention Barracks to serve his sentence on 21st September 1917.

On 5th November 1917 Private Smith marched in to the 14th Training Battalion at Codford, England, from the 8th Training Battalion.

On 29th November 1917 Private Smith was charged again with being absent without leave from midnight on 18th November 1917 to 8.15 pm on 24th November 1917.  He was awarded 14 days field punishment No. 2, and forfeited 20 days pay.

On 4th of December 1917 Private Smith proceeded overseas from Southampton to France to reinforce the 56th Battalion.

Upon arrival in France he was sent to the 5th Division Base Depot at Le Harve, France.

On 8th December 1917 he was sent to march out to his unit.

On 11th December 1917, Private Smith was charged with when on active service absenting himself from entrainment on 9th December 1917.  He was awarded 28 days field punishment No. 2 on 11th December 1917.

Private Smith was taken on strength of the 56th Battalion on 13th December 1917, when it was moving from Kemmel, Belgium to Desvres, France.

On 15th January 1918 the 56th Battalion was conducting training at Tingry, France, when Private Smith was sent to the 5th Australian Field Ambulance sick.  He was admitted to a General Hospital in Etaples on 17th January 1918.  On 26th January 1918 he was discharged from hospital to the Australian Infantry Base Depot. .

He marched out to his unit from the Australian Infantry Base Depot at Le Harve on 3rd February 1918.  He rejoined the 56th Battalion on the 17th of February 1918 when it was in the vicinity of Hollebeke, Belgium.

On 20th February 1918 Private Smith was detached for duty with the 14th Field Company Engineers.

A week later, on 27th February 1918 he was sent to the 14th Australian Field Ambulance with Defective Vision.  He was discharged on the 1st of March 1918, and rejoined the Battalion when it was in reserve at Wytschaete, Belgium.

Three weeks later, on 21st March 1918 Private Smith was sent to the 15th Australian Field Ambulance sick with Bronchitis.  He was moved to the 5th Division Rest Station later that day.  On the 22nd of March 1918 he was moved to the 13th Casualty Clearing Station.

On 2nd April 1918 Private Smith was taken by ambulance train and admitted sick to the 55th General Hospital at Boulogne, France.  On 9th April 1918 he was admitted to No. 7 Convalescent Depot at Boulogne.  He was moved to No. 10 Convalescent Depot at Ecault, France, on 11th April 1918.

He was discharged on 25th April 1918, and sent to the  Australian Infantry Base Depot at Le Harve, France.

On 24th May 1918 he marched out to his unit.

On 1st June 1918 Private Smith was charged with drunkenness on 31st May 1918.  He was fined 10 shillings.

On 2nd June 1918 Private Smith rejoined the 56th Battalion when it was conducting training at Bussy Les Daours, France.

On 27th June 1918 Private Smith was charged with being absent from 8.45 am parade without permission.   He was awarded 2 days field punishment No. 2 on 28th June 1918.

On 21st December 1918 the 56th Battalion had just marched to Sivry in Belgium the day before to set up camp for the winter, when Private Smith was sent to the 56th Casualty Clearing Station sick.  On the 23rd of December 1918 he was admitted to the 7th General Hospital sick at Wimereux, France.  On the 24th of December 1918 he was transferred to the 39th General Hospital at Le Harve, France.

Private Smith was transferred to England on the H.T. St. Patrick on 15th January 1919.  On 16th January 1919 he was admitted to the 1st Australian Dermatological Hospital at Bulford, England.

He was discharged on the 7th of March 1919 and transferred to the Convalescent Training Depot at Parkhouse, England.

On 11th March 1919 Private Smith was re-admitted sick to the 1st Australian Determatological Hospital at Bulford, England.

On 11th April 1919 Private Smith was charged with being out of bounds and being in possession of a Khaki uniform whilst a patient at the 1st Australian Dermatological Hospital.  He was awarded 27 days detention and fined 27 days pay.

On 12th April 1919 Private Smith was admitted to the Lewes Detention Barracks to undergo his sentence.

He was released on 7th May 1919, and returned to the 1st Australian Determatological Hospital.

On 10th May 1919 Private Smith was transferred to the 1st Australian General Hospital at Sutton Veny, England.

He was discharged on 2nd June 1919, and transferred to the Number 5 Group at Weymouth, England.

Private Smith commenced his return to Australia aboard the H.M.A.T. Friedrichsruh on 8th July 1919.

He arrived in Australia on 4th September 1919, and was discharged at Sydney on 12th October 1919.