Category Archives: Recruits

Ernest Henry KING

Ernest Henry KING

Per his military service record (regimental no. 4821), George Davidson was born at Bathurst, N.S.W.[1]  He gave his age as 29 years and 1 month, his marital status as single, and his occupation as blacksmith.  His description on his Certificate of Medical Examination form was height 5 feet 9 inches tall, with a medium complexion, blue eyes, and brown hair.  His religious denomination was Church of England.  He claimed to have had 3 years military service in B Company of the 3rd Infantry Regiment at Bathurst.

Captain A. C. Eade stated that ‘Private King joined the Coo-ees at Wallerawang’ in a farewell given for him and another soldier at the Soldiers’ Monument in Bathurst on 6th January 1916.[2] The ‘Date of joining’ on the HMAT Star of England A15 embarkation roll for Private Ernest Henry King was recorded as 31st October 1915.[3]  On this date the Coo-ees had a rest day at Wallerawang, after having held a recruiting meeting there the night before.

He completed his medical examination, and was attested by Captain Eade, at Lithgow, on 2nd November 1915.

After completing the Co-ee March he went to Liverpool Camp as reinforcement for the 13th Battalion.

The Lithgow Mercury reported that ‘Ern King’, along with fellow Coo-ee George Davidson, who had both joined the Coo-ees from Cullen Bullen, ‘were farewelled at a smoke concert in the Cullen Hall’ in early January 1916, and Private King was presented with ‘a silver cigarette case, holder, and pouch’.[4]

On his embarkation roll his address at time of enrolment was 98 Russell Street, Bathurst, N.S.W., and his next of kin is listed as his mother, Mrs. M. A. [Mary Ann] King, at the same address.

On 8th March 1916 Private King, along with many of the other Coo-ees, departed Sydney on the HMAT A15 Star of England, with the 15th reinforcements for the 13th Battalion.  He arrived in Egypt on 11th April 1916.

On 16th April 1916 Private King on was transferred to the 4th Pioneer Battalion at Tel-el-Kebir, Egypt.

On 19th April 1916 Private King was sent to the 13th Australian Field Ambulance at Serapaum, Egypt, suffering from Mumps. On 25th April 1916 he was transferred to the 54th Casualty Clearing Station at Serapaum. He was discharged on 4th May 1916 and re-joined the 4th Pioneer Battalion.

On 4th June 1916 Private King left Alexandria aboard the Transport Scotian bound for France.  He arrived at Marseilles on 11th June 1916.

On 9th August 1917 Private King went on leave in France until 19th August 1917.

On 8th September 1917 Private King was detached to the 14th Australian Army Service Company to paint wagons. He returned to the 4th Pioneer Battalion on 17th September 1917.

On 1st December 1917 Private King was promoted to Lance Corporal.

On 27th September 1918 Lance Corporal King was appointed Driver, and went on leave to England. He returned to the 4th Pioneer Battalion on 13th October 1918.

On the 7th of April 1919 Lance Corporal King departed Le Harve, France, bound for England. He arrived at Southampton, England on 9th April 1919.

On 12th May 1919 Lance Corporal King departed England on the HT Port Napier bound for Australia.

He arrived in Australia on 5th July 1919.  He was discharged Termination of Period of Enlistment on 27th August 1919.

 

[1] NAA: B2455, KING E H

[2] ‘Privates Jack Rigby and E. King’, National Advocate, 7 January 1916, p. 5. Retrieved June 18, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article158051490

[3] Australia War Memorial. ‘First World War Embarkation Rolls, Ernest Henry King’, HMAT Star of England A15, https://oldsite.awm.gov.au/people/rolls/R1830975/

[4] ‘Cullen Bullen Recruiting’, Lithgow Mercury, 7 January 1916, p. 3. Retrieved June 18, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article218730509

George DAVIDSON

George DAVIDSON

Per his military service record (regimental no. 4760), George Davidson was born at Morpeth, Northumberland, England.[1]  He gave his age as 44 years and 2 months, his marital status as single, and his occupation as miner.  His description on his Certificate of Medical Examination form was height 5 feet 5 inches tall, with a medium complexion, blue eyes, and grey brown hair.  His religious denomination was Church of England.  He claimed that he had no previous military experience.

He completed his medical examination, and was attested by Captain A. C. Eade, at Lithgow, on 2nd November 1915.

After completing the Co-ee March he went to Liverpool Camp as reinforcement for the 13th Battalion.

The Lithgow Mercury reported that ‘Geordie Davidson’ along with fellow Coo-ee ‘Ern King’, who had both joined the Coo-ees from Cullen Bullen, ‘were farewelled at a smoke concert in the Cullen Hall’ in early January 1916, and Private Davidson was ‘presented with a pipe and tobacco pouch’.[2]

Private G. Davidson was also given a send off ‘by his many friends’ at ‘the house of Mr. F. Maddy’ in Bathurst [who was listed as his next of kin on his Attestation Paper] in early January 1916, where he was ‘presented with a wristlet watch and also a pocket bible from his friends’.[3]

On his embarkation roll his address at time of enrolment was Cullen Bullen, Mudgee Line, N.S.W., and his next of kin is listed as his friend, F. [Fred] Muddy [i.e. Maddy], 265 Russell Street, Bathurst, N.S.W.

The ‘Date of joining’ on the HMAT Star of England A15 embarkation roll for both Private George Davidson and Private Ernest Henry King was recorded as 31st October 1915.[4]  The Coo-ees arrived at Wallerawang and held a recruiting meeting there on 30th October 1915.  According to Mr H. T. Blacket who accompanied the Coo-ees in his motor car, seven men presented themselves to join the Coo-ees that evening.[5]  The Coo-ees had a rest day at Wallerawang on 31st October 1915, before marching on to Lithgow on 1st November 1915.  Both George Davidson and Ernest Henry King completed their medical examinations, and were attested by Captain Eade, at Lithgow on 2nd November 1915.  Captain Eade stated that ‘Private King joined the Coo-ees at Wallerawang’ in an article published in the National Advocate on 7th January 1916.  So it appears possible that George Davidson may also have been present at the recruiting meeting held at Wallerawang on the evening of 30th October 1915.[6]

On 8th March 1916 Private Davidson, along with many of the other Coo-ees, departed Sydney on the HMAT A15 Star of England, with the 15th reinforcements for the 13th Battalion.  He arrived in Egypt on 11th April 1916.

On 16th April 1916 Private Davidson was transferred to the 4th Pioneer Battalion at Tel-el-Kebir, Egypt.

On 4th June 1916 Private Davidson left Alexandria aboard the Transport Scotian bound for France.  He arrived at Marseilles on 11th June 1916.

On 29th August 1916 the 4th Pioneer Battalion was conducting maintenance on trenches in the vicinity of Mouquet Farm, France, when Private Davidson was struck by a the blast of a high explosive shell in the left arm.

On 31st August 1916 Private Davidson was admitted to the 3rd Canadian Field Ambulance with a fracture of left scapula [shoulder blade].

His movements for the next year while he recovered from his wounds are not clear on his service record.

On 27th August 1917 he was transferred to England from the 4th Australian Division Base Depot at Le Havre, France.

He arrived at Weymouth, England, on 29th August 1917, where he marched into the No. 2 Command Depot, with classification “C1” [fit for home service only].

On 26th September 1917 Private Davidson departed England bound for Australia aboard the HMAT Borda for medical discharge, with a deformity to the left elbow.

Private Davidson arrived at Sydney on 25th November 1917.  He was discharged medically unfit on 27th December 1917.

 

[1] NAA: B2455, DAVIDSON G

[2] ‘Cullen Bullen Recruiting’, Lithgow Mercury, 7 January 1916, p. 3. Retrieved June 18, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article218730509

[3] ‘Personal’, National Advocate, 7 January 1916, p. 5. Retrieved June 18, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article158051548

[4] Australia War Memorial. ‘First World War Embarkation Rolls, George Davidson’, HMAT Star of England A15, https://oldsite.awm.gov.au/people/rolls/R1834299/

[5] ‘The Great Route March … Yetholme to Wallerawang’, The Farmer and Settler, 2 November 1915, p. 3. Retrieved June 19, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article116674770

[6] ‘Privates Jack Rigby and E. King’, National Advocate, 7 January 1916, p. 5. Retrieved June 18, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article158051490

 

George SEAMAN

George SEAMAN

Per his military service record (regimental no. 4929), George Seaman was born at Bathurst, N.S.W.[1]  He gave his age as 28 years and 8 months, his marital status as single, and his occupation as bootmaker.  His description on his Certificate of Medical Examination was 5 feet 5 inches tall, weight 9 stone, with a fair complexion, blue eyes, and fair hair.  His religious denomination was Church of England.  He claimed to have He claimed that he had no previous military service. He stated that he had been rejected by the A.I.F. previously for being too short.

He was attested by Captain A. C. Eade at Bathurst on 28th October 1915.  He joined the Coo-ees at Bathurst.[2]  He did not complete his medical examination until 13th November 1915 at Liverpool.

After completing the Coo-ee March he went into Liverpool Camp as reinforcement for the 13th Battalion.

On 14th January 1916 Private Seaman was charged with being absent without leave from the Liverpool Camp for six days. He was fined 30 shillings.

On 7th February 1916 he was charged with being absent without leave from the Liverpool Camp for one day. He was fined 5 shillings.

On his embarkation roll Private Seaman’s address at time of enrolment was Brilliant Road, South Bathurst, N.S.W., and his next of kin is listed as his mother, Mrs. E. [Eliza] Ingram, at the same address.

On 8th March 1916 Private Seaman, along with many of the other Coo-ees, departed Sydney on the HMAT A15 Star of England, as15th reinforcements for the 13th Battalion.  He arrived in Egypt on 11th April 1916.

On 19th April 1916 Private Seaman was transferred to the 45th Battalion in Egypt.

On 2nd June 1916 Private Seaman left Alexandria aboard the transport Kinfauns Castle bound for France.  He arrived at Marseilles on 8th June 1916.

On 4th July 1916 the 45th Battalion was at Sailly-Sur-Lys preparing to move into the trenches for the first time, when Private Seaman was evacuated to the 12th Australian Field Ambulance suffering from Enteritis. On 7th July 1916 he was sent to the 4th Division Rest Station.  He rejoined the 45th Battalion on 9th July 1916.

A month later, on 8th August 1916 the 45th Battalion was in the front line trenches between Pozieres and Martinpuich, France, when Private Seaman was evacuated with shell shock. On 10th August 1916 he was transferred from the 44th Casualty Clearing Station by ambulance train to the 14th Stationary Hospital at Boulogne, France.

The Bathurst Times reported that Private George Seaman ‘… took part in the battle of Pozieres and was buried by earth disturbed by a bomb … and he was taken to the casualty station and subsequently sent over the England …’[3]

On 12th September 1916 Private Seaman was placed aboard the Hospital Ship Newhaven for evacuation to England with debility after shell shock.  He was admitted to the War Hospital at Reading, England, on the same day.

On 16th October 1916 Private Seaman was discharged from hospital and granted leave in London until 31st October 1916 to report to the No. 1 Command Depot at Perham Downs, England.

On 2nd November 1916 he marched into No. 1 Command Depot at Perham Downs, with classification B1A [fit for light duty].

On 23rd March 1917 Private Seaman was transferred to the 61st Battalion at Wareham, England.

On 23rd April 1917 Private Seaman was transferred to the No. 4 Command Depot at Wareham, England.

On 2nd May 1917 he was transferred to the No. 2 Command Depot at Weymouth, England.

Private Seaman departed England on 22nd July 1917 for return to Australia aboard the H.M.A.T.  A71 Nestor with inguinal hernia.

He arrived in Australia on 25th September 1917.  He was discharged medically unfit on 23rd October 1917.

 

[1] NAA: B2455, SEAMAN GEORGE

[2] ‘The Coo-ees’, The Bathurst Times,  10 October 1916, p. 4. Retrieved June 9, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article109934579

[3] ‘Soldiers return’, The Bathurst Times, 28 September 1917, p. 1. Retrieved June 9, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article111567652

 

Cecil George HAYES

Cecil George HAYES

Per his military service record (regimental no. 2465), Cecil George Hayes was born at Bathurst, N.S.W.[1]  He gave his age as 18 years, his marital status as single, and his occupation as labourer. His description on his medical was height 5 feet 4 inches tall, weight 9 stone 6 inches, with a dark complexion, grey eyes, and black hair. His religious denomination was Church of England. He claimed that he had 3 months military service in the Senior Cadets. He completed his medical on the 5th November 1915 at Katoomba, and was attested at Katoomba by Lieutenant F. Middenway on the same day.

‘Cecil Hayes’ was named in The Blue Mountain Echo as one of the recruits who joined the Coo-ees at Katoomba.[2]  He was reported in The Blue Mountain Echo as ‘proudly bearing aloft the Katoomba flag’ when the Coo-ees marched out of Katoomba.[3]

After completing the Coo-ee March he went to Menangle Park Camp as reinforcement for the 6th Light Horse Regiment.

On his embarkation roll his address at time of enrolment was Main Street, Katoomba, N.S.W., and his next of kin is listed as his father, William Hayes, at the same address.

On 26th April 1916 Trooper Hayes departed Sydney on the HMAT Port Macquarie A39 with the 17th reinforcements for the 6th Light Horse Regiment (along with fellow Coo-ee Ronald Hector Perkins).

After arriving at Suez in Egypt, on 21st June 1916 Trooper Hayes was taken on strength with the 2nd Light Horse Training Regiment at Te-el-Kebir.

On 15th July 1916 he was taken on strength of the 12th Company of the Imperial Camel Corps.

On 11th November 1916 Trooper Hayes was transferred to the 3rd ANZAC Battalion of the Imperial Camel Corps.

On 17th December 1916 Trooper Hayes was admitted to the New Zealand Field Ambulance sick with influenza. He was discharged and returned to his unit on 19th December 1916.

On 2nd January 1917 Trooper Hayes was charged with Neglect of Duty on 30th December 1916 whilst on line piquet. He was awarded 14 days field punishment no. 2.

On 8th January 1917 Trooper Hayes was charged with delay in obeying an order by an NCO. He was awarded 7 days field punishment no. 2.

On 5th July 1917 Trooper Hayes was admitted sick to hospital in Palestine. On 13th July 1917 he was admitted to 2nd Australian Stationary Hospital at El Arish with septic sores.  On 14th July 1917 he was transferred to the 36th Stationary Hospital at Mahemdia, Egypt.   He was discharged to ICC details at Australian Base Depot Company at Abbassia from hospital on 15th August 1917.

On 10th September 1917 he rejoined his Battalion in Palestine.

On 23rd February 1918 Trooper Hayes joined the Signal Training Unit at Moascar.

He wrote from Palestine in a letter home published in The Blue Mountain Echo on 22nd March 1918 “This life suits me down to the boots, and in spite of the hard work and poor tucker I’m packing on weight daily. My work as signaller is risky, but there are risks in anything nowadays, and whilst I’ve had three close calls I’m still as fit as every, I think a fellow’s fate is booked from the cradle, and nothing will change it. I have met some fine men in the Army, and like them greatly, but, at all times, I’m thinking of my old mate, [fellow Coo-e] Reg Duff, in France, and wondering if he is still going strong… I am into this till the end, dad, so buck up and I’ll pull through”.[4]

He rejoined his Battalion on 29th June 1918.

On 1st July 1918 Trooper Hays was transferred to the 15th Light Horse Regiment.

On 13th March 1919 Trooper Hayes was charged with drunkenness at Beirut on 8th March 1919. He was awarded 7 days field punishment no. 2 and fined 10 days pay.

On 25th May 1919 Trooper Hayes was charged with a number of offences including overstaying his leave from 1700 till 1830 on 24th May 1919. He was awarded 28 days field punishment no. 2.

On 5th July 1919 Trooper Hayes was charged with a number of offences including being absent from 1600 parade on 3rd July 1919, breaking camp, and causing a disturbance in town. He was awarded 28 days field punishment no. 2, and fined 30 days pay.

While still undergoing this punishment, on 24th July 1919 Trooper Hayes commenced his return to Australia aboard the H.T. Dongala.

He arrived in Australia on 25th August 1919, and was discharged termination of period of enlistment on 21st October 1919.

[1] NAA: B2455, HAYES C G 2465

[2] ‘March o’er the Mountains’, The Blue Mountain Echo, 12 November 1915, pp. 2-3, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article108042142

[3] ‘March o’er the Mountains’, The Blue Mountain Echo, 12 November 1915, p. 6, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article108042142

[4] ‘Friday, March 22, 1918. Signaller Cecil Hayes’, The Blue Mountain Echo,  p. 2. Retrieved March 7, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article108248103

 

William John SHANNON

William John SHANNON

Per his military service record (regimental no. 4889), William John Shannon was born at Glasgow, Scotland.[1]  He gave his age as 24 years and 10 months, his marital status as single, and his occupation as miner.  His description on his Certificate of Medical Examination was height 5 feet 4 1/8 inches tall, weight 8 stone 12 lbs., with a dark complexion, hazel eyes, and black hair.  His religious denomination was recorded as Presbyterian.  He claimed that he had 3 years previous military service in the Royal Field Artillery in Scotland.

William Shannon was listed in The Leader as one of the men who were recruited at Orange to join the Coo-ees’.[2]  He completed his medical examination on 24th October at Orange, and was attested by Captain T. Nicholas at Orange on 24th October 1915.

After completing the Coo-ee March he went to Liverpool Camp as reinforcement for the 13th Battalion.

On 27th January 1915 Private Shannon was charged with being absent without leave from the Liverpool Camp for 11 days.  He was fined 11 days pay.

Private Shannon was involved in hearing at the Central Police Court on 25th January 1916, followed by a court case on 6th March 1916 at the Darlinghurst Quarter Sessions, in which another Coo-ee was charged with, and subsequently found guilty of, having assaulted fellow Coo-ee Daniel Lynch at Central Railway Station about midnight on January 16th 1916, and robbed him of two pounds.[3]  A witness testified that ‘Shannon, who was the worse for drink, took no part in the robbery’, and he was subsequently discharged.[4]

On his embarkation roll his address at time of enrolment was left blank, and his next of kin is listed as his father, S. [Samuel] Shannon, Lane Street, off Chloride Street, Broken Hill, N.S.W.

On 8th March 1916, Private Shannon, along with many of the other Coo-ees, departed Sydney on the HMAT A15 Star of England, with the 15th reinforcement for the 13th Battalion.  He arrived in Egypt on the 11th April 1916.

On 16th April 1916 Private Cannon was transferred to the 4th Pioneer Battalion at Tel-el-Kebir, Egypt.

On 10th May 1916 Private Shannon was charged with being absent without leave from 1600 on 29th April 1916 until 0600 on 2nd May 1916.  He was awarded 96 hours Field Punishment Number 2 and fined 7 days pay.

On 4th June 1916 Private Shannon left Alexandria aboard the Transport Scotian bound for France.  He arrived at Marseilles on 11th June 1916.

On 25th August 1916 Private Shannon was charged with being absent without leave from 1400 until 2030 on 24th August 1916 and Disobedience of Orders.  He was awarded 21 days Field Punishment Number 2 and fined 22 days pay.

On 30th May 1917 Private Shannon was charged with being absent without leave from 2045 Parade and from 2100 Tattoo Roll Call until 2200 on 27th May 1917.  He was fined 2 days pay.

Two days later on 1st June 1917 Private Shannon was promoted to Lance Corporal.

On 29th July 1917 Lance Corporal Shannon was detached to the 2nd Army rest Camp.  He re-joined the 4th Pioneer Battalion on13th August 1917.

On 24th August 1917 Lance Corporal Shannon went on leave.  He re-joined the 4th Pioneer Battalion from leave on 7th September 1917.

On 4th December 1917 Lance Corporal Shannon was detached to the 4th Australian Division Base Depot at Le Harve, France, to go before a Medical Board.

On 10th December 1917 he went before the Medical Board and was classified as Permanent Base due to debility.

On 19th December 1917 Lance Corporal Shannon was transferred to England for permanent base duties.

On 20th December 1917 Lance Corporal Shannon marched into No. 2 Command Depot at Weymouth, England.

On 10th January 1918 he marched into the 1st Training Brigade/Pioneer Training Battalion at Sutton Veny, England.

On 27th May 1918 Lance Corporal Shannon was sent to the No. 2 Command Depot at Weymouth, England.

On 7th June 1918 Lance Corporal Shannon departed England on H.M.A.T. Essex to return to Australia for medical discharge (Hallux Valgus) [Bunion].

He arrived in Australia on 1st August 1918, and was discharged medically unfit on 3rd September 1918.

 

[1] NAA: B2455, SHANNON WILLIAM JOHN

[2] ‘The Recruits’, Leader, 25 October 1915, p. 4. Retrieved November 26, 2016, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article117842599

[3] ‘Soldier Charged’, The Sydney Morning Herald, 26 January 1916, p. 6. Retrieved March 1, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article28782852

[4] ‘Soldier Charged’, The Sydney Morning Herald, 26 January 1916, p. 6. Retrieved March 1, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article28782852

Joseph Clark GILMOUR

Joseph Clark GILMOUR

Per his military service record (regimental no. 4779), Joseph Clark Gilmour was born at Glasgow, Scotland.[1]  He gave his age as 27 years and 8 months, his marital status as single, and his occupation as mercer.  His description on his Certificate of Medical Examination form was height 5 feet 5 inches tall, with a fair complexion, grey eyes, and fair hair.  His religious denomination was Presbyterian.  He claimed that he had 6 years previous military service with the Royal Army Medical Corps.

He was attested and completed his medical examination at Liverpool on 13th November 1915, the day after the end of the Coo-ee March.  However, his date of joining on his embarkation roll is 5th November 1915, the day he joined the Coo-ee March at Katoomba.  “J. C. Gilmour” was named in The Blue Mountain Echo as one of ‘the lads who answered the call, and marched out with the Coo-ees’ at Katoomba.[2]

He had been working for Messrs. Hermann and Co. Ltd, at Coonamble,  and was presented with a ‘set of safety razors and fountain pen’ before he left Coonamble, and caught the train at Dubbo on 4th November 1915 to join the Coo-ees at Katoomba.[3]

After completing the Co-ee March he went to Liverpool Camp as reinforcement for the 13th Battalion, with the rank of Acting Corporal.

On his embarkation roll his address at time of enrolment was not listed.  His next of kin is listed as his father, D. [David] Gilmour, 107 Pollock Street, Glasgow, S.S. [South Side], Scotland.

On 8th March 1916 Acting Corporal Gilmour, along with many of the other Coo-ees, departed Sydney on the HMAT A15 Star of England.  He arrived in Egypt on 11th April 1916.

On 16th April 1916 he was transferred to the 5th Division Cyclist Corps at Tel-el-Kebir.

On 9th May 1916 he was appointed Lance Corporal.

On 13th June 1916 he was promoted to Corporal.

On 17th June 1916 Corporal Gilmour departed Alexandra, Egypt, bound for France.  He arrived at Marseilles, France. on 25th June 1916.

On 22nd July 1916 Corporal Gilmour was promoted to Company Quarter Master Sergeant with the 2nd ANZAC Cyclist Battalion.

On 17th August 1916 C.Q.M.S. Gilmour was detached for duty with the New Zealand Division Headquarters.

On 29th December 1916 C.Q.M.S. Gilmour was granted leave to England.  Hejoined the 2nd ANZAC Cyclist Battalion on 10th January 1917, when it was at Douliou, France.

On 7th June 1917 the 2nd ANZAC Cyclist Battalion was working on a cavalry track in the vicinity of Messines, Belgium, when C.Q.M.S. Gilmour was wounded in action, receiving a gunshot wound to his right arm.  He was sent to the 77th Field Ambulance, then moved to the 1st New Zealand Field Ambulance. On 9th June 1917 he was moved back to the 11th Casualty Clearing Station.  Later that day he was admitted to the 4th Stationary Hospital at Arques, France.

On 15th June 1917 he was discharged and returned to his unit, arriving on 16th June 1917 when it was in the vicinity of Steenwerck, France.

On the 31st of August 1917 C.Q.M.S. Gilmour was granted leave.

He returned to the 2nd ANZAC Cyclist Battalion from leave on 15th September 1917.

On 16th September 1917 he was sent to the 133rd Field Ambulance sick, then was moved back to the 41st Casualty Clearing Station.  On 17th September 1917 he was placed aboard the 26th Ambulance Train and moved to the 1st Australian General Hospital at Abbeville, France, being admitted on the 18th of September 1917.  He was transferred to the 39th General Hospital at Le Havre on 19th September 1917.  He was discharged from hospital on 1st October 1917 and sent to the Australian General Base Depot at Le Harve, France.  He re-joined his unit on 18th November 1917.

A letter he wrote to a Miss C. DeGill in Penrith in December 1917 thanking her for a gift of socks was published in the Nepean Times:

Just a line to let you know I received a pair of socks with your name and address enclosed in one of the socks, and I take this opportunity of thanking you for your kindness in sending such a useful gift, and I can assure you that the socks received by our battalion were appreciated by our boys. We are glad to know that the majority of people at home think something of those who are over here fighting for them, and we are proud of those gifts which are distributed to us occasionally. We also had sweets, tins of cocoa, and milk, flannel shirts and other items, mostly all of which are very useful to us, especially at a time like this – when the winter is setting in and getting very cold. I might say we are in the line just at the present time and doing some good work. As you reside in Penrith I think it might be interesting for me to tell you that I am one of the Gilgandra Coo-ees – and well I remember the reception we got at Penrith. I suppose you were one of the crowd who helped to make that reception the success it turned out to be. However, I shall never forget the day we marched into Penrith, and I might also state, that as far as I can learn there are not many of the Coo-ees left, but I happen to be one of the lucky ones, although I have had my fair share of being wounded and have recovered.  I must conclude, hoping this finds you well, it leaves me in the best of health. Again thanking you for your kindness in sending such a useful gift”.[4]

On 16thJanuary 1918 C.Q.M.S. Gilmour was transferred to the Australian Corps Cyclist Battalion in France.

On 26th January 1918 C.Q.M.S. Gilmour was granted leave to England.  He returned Australian Corps Cyclist Battalion on 11th February 1918.

On 9th March 1918 C.Q.M.S. Gilmour attended the Australian Corps Infantry School for a course of instruction.  He re-joined his Battalion on 28th March 1918.

On 27th April 1918 C.Q.M.S. Gilmour was detached for duty with the Area Commandant at Amiens .  He returned from the detachment on 9th May 1918.

On 24th June 1918 C.Q.M.S. Gilmour was transferred to the 35th Battalion in France.

On 1st August 1918 C.Q.M.S. Gilmour was sent to the 10th Australian Field Ambulance sick with Influenza.  He was moved back to the 5th Casualty Clearing Station later that day.  On 3rd August 1918 he was admitted to the 3rd General Hospital at Le Treport, France.  He was discharged on 12th August 1918, and sent to the Australian Convalescent Depot on 13th August 1918. On 5th September 1918 he was sent to the Australian Base Depot at Le Harve, France.

He re-joined the 35th Battalion on 12th September 1918.

On 2nd November 1918 C.Q.M.S. Gilmour was detached for duty with the 24th Company of the Australian Army Service Corps.  He returned from detachment to the 35th Battalion on 10th November 1918.

On 12th December 1918 C.Q.M.S. Gilmour was transferred to the Administrative Headquarters in England.

On 2nd January 1919 C.Q.M.S. Gilmour was transferred to the Australian Army Pay Corps.

On 25th February 1919 C.Q.M.S. Gilmour was admitted to the 3rd Australian Auxiliary Hospital at Dartford, England, with an ingrown toenail.  He was discharged on 11th April 1919.

On 30th June 1919 C.Q.M.S. Gilmour was granted Non Military Employment Leave.

He returned to the 35th Battalion on 22nd September 1919.

On 6th October 1919 C.Q.M.S. Gilmour departed Southampton, England, aboard the Transport Pakeha bound for Australia.

He arrived in Australia on 24th November 1919, and was discharged Termination of Period of Enlistment on 17th January 1920.

 

[1] AA: B2455, GILMOUR J C

[2] March o’er the Mountains’, The Blue Mountain Echo, 12 November 1915, p. 3. Retrieved March 7, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article108042142

[3] ‘Our Soldiers’, The Dubbo Liberal and Macquarie Advocate, 16 November 1915, p. 3. Retrieved May 14, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article77602202 ; N.S.W. Government Railways & Tramways docket from Dubbo to Katoomba dated 4th November 1915 in the official correspondence of the march held in the Mitchell Library collection.

[4] ‘Soldiers’ Welcome Socks’, Nepean Times, 9 March 1918, p. 3. Retrieved May 14, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article86191998

 

Percy Frederick COOPER

Percy Frederick COOPER

Per his military service record (regimental no. 4750), Percy Frederick Cooper was born at Newport, Isle of Wight, England.[1]  He gave his age as 28 years and 5 months, his marital status as single, and his occupation as railway fettler.  His description on his medical was height 5 feet 8inches tall, weight 150 lbs., with a dark complexion, grey eyes, and dark brown hair. His religious denomination was Church of England.  He claimed to have 2 years and 7 months previous military service with the Howitzer Battery Royal Field Artillery.

He was attested by Captain A. C. Eade at Lawson at Lawson on 7th November 1915.  The Coo-ees had held a recruiting meeting in front of the post office at Lawson the evening before.[2]

After completing the Coo-ee March he went to Liverpool Camp as reinforcement for the 13th Battalion. He completed his medical examination at Liverpool on 13th November 1915.

On his embarkation roll his address at time of enrolment was Parkview, West Street, Petersham, N.S.W.  His next of kin is listed as his father, H. [Henry] Cooper, 6 Bellemead Street, Newport, Isle of Wight, England.

On 8th March 1916 Private Cooper along with many of the other Coo-ees departed Sydney on the HMAT A15 Star of England, and arrived in Egypt on the 11th April 1916.

On 19th April 1916 Private Cooper was transferred to the 45th Battalion at Tel-el-Kebir.

On the 2nd June 1916 Private Cooper left Alexandria aboard the transport Kinfauns Castle bound for France, disembarking at Marseilles on 9th June 1916.

Private Cooper served with the 45th Battalion through its first action at Fleurbaix, France in July 1916 then through the battles around Pozieres and Mouquet Farm in August, September and October 1916.

On 17th April 1917 the 45th Battalion was training at Bresle in France, when Private Cooper was admitted to the 13th Field Ambulance suffering Rheumatism.  He was sent to the Divisional Rest Station.  On 24th April 1917 he was transferred to the 56th Casualty Clearing Station.  He was discharged to duty on 11th May 1917.  On 12th May 1917 Private Cooper returned to the 45th Battalion when it was still at Bresle, France.

Less than a month later, on 8th June 1917 the 45th Battalion was involved in the Battle of Messines in Belgium when Private Cooper was wounded in action receiving a gunshot wound to his neck and back and left knee.  He was evacuated to the 9th Field Ambulance.  On 9th June 1917 he was transferred to the 9th General Hospital at Rouen, France.  On 14th June 1917 Private Cooper was placed aboard Hospital Ship St. George for evacuation to England.  On 15th June 1917 he was admitted to the Tooting Military Hospital with gunshot wound to the right shoulder and left knee. On the 19th of July 1917 he was transferred to the 3rd Australian Auxiliary Hospital at Dartford, England.

On 23rd July 1917 Private Cooper was discharged from Hospital and granted leave to report to No. 3 Command Depot at Hurdcott on 6th August 1917.

On 21st August 1917 Private Cooper marched in to the Overseas Training Brigade at Perham Downs.

On 17th September 1917 Private Cooper departed Southampton, England for return to France.  On 18th September 1917 Private Cooper marched into the 4th Australian Division Base Depot at Le Harve, France.

On 30th September 1917 Private Cooper re-joined the 45th Battalion when it was at China Wall, near Ieper (Ypres) in Belgium, after just coming out of the front line.

Just over two months later, on 5th December 1917 the 45th Battalion was at St Quentin, France, preparing to move to Peronne, when Private Cooper was sent to the 12th Australian Field Ambulance, then admitted to the 2nd Canadian General Hospital suffering Trench Fever.  On 9th December 1917 he was transferred to the 3rd Convalescent Depot.

On 22nd January 1918 he was discharged and sent to the 4th Australian Division Base Depot at Le Harve.

On 9th February 1918 Private Cooper returned to the 45th Battalion when it was at in the front line in the vicinity of Hollebeke, Belgium.

On 28th September 1918 Private Cooper was appointed a Lance Corporal when the Battalion was at Pissy, France.

On 1st October 1918 Lance Corporal Cooper was granted leave to England.  He re-joined the 45th Battalion on 17th October 1918 when it was at Pissy, France.  He remained with the 45th Battalion in France for the rest of the war.

On 18th January 1919 Lance Corporal Cooper was granted leave to England until 3rd February 1919.

He returned to the 45th Battalion on 14th February 1919 when it was training in the vicinity of Namur, Belgium.

On 23rd February 1919 Lance Corporal Cooper departed France bound for England to commence his return to Australia.  Lance Corporal Cooper marched into the No. 4 Command Depot at Hurdcott on 14th March 1919.

Lance Corporal Cooper commenced his return to Australia from Devonport on 1st May 1919 aboard the H.T. China, arriving in Australia on 11th June 1919.

He was discharged medically unfit on 11th August 1919.

 

[1] NAA: B2455, COOPER P F

[2] ‘Coo-ees at Lawson’, The Blue Mountain Echo, 12 November 1915, p. 6. Retrieved May 14, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article108042178

 

Sidney Stanley CANNON

Sidney Stanley CANNON

Private Sidney Stanley Cannon (Cumberland Argus and Fruitgrowers Advocate, 7/7/1917)

Per his military service record (regimental no. 4744), Sidney Stanley Cannon was born at Parramatta, N.S.W.[1]  He gave his age as 21 years and 3 months, his marital status as single, and his occupation as carpenter.  His description on his Certificate of Medical Examination was height 5 feet 8 inches tall, weight 135 lbs., with a fair complexion, hazel eyes, and brown hair.  His religious denomination was recorded as Church of England.  He claimed that he had 4 years previous military service in the Senior Cadets (universal training).

He completed his medical examination on 10th November 1915 at Parramatta, and was attested by Lieutenant R. Howe at Parramatta on 11th November 1915.

After completing the Coo-ee March he went to Liverpool Camp as reinforcement for the 13th Battalion.

On 2nd February 1916 whilst training at the Liverpool Camp Private Cannon was charged with being absent without leave for 2 days and from 1 parade.  He was fined 10 shillings.

On 22nd February 1916 Private Cannon was charged with being absent from fatigue and insubordination.  He was fined a total of 25 shillings.

On his embarkation roll his address at time of enrolment was George Street, Parramatta, N.S.W., and his next of kin is listed as his father, I. [Isaac] R. Cannon, at the same address.

On 8th March 1916, Private Cannon, along with many of the other Coo-ees, departed Sydney on the HMAT A15 Star of England, with the 15th reinforcement for the 13th Battalion.  He arrived in Egypt on the 11th April 1916.

On 16th April 1916 Private Cannon was transferred to the 4th Pioneer Battalion at Tel-el-Kebir, Egypt.

On 4th June 1916 Private Cannon left Alexandria aboard the Transport Scotian bound for France.  He arrived at Marseilles on 11th June 1916.

On 9th July 1916 the 4th Pioneer Battalion was engaged in works in the vicinity of Fleurbaix, France when Private Cannon was evacuated to the 4th Australian Field Ambulance suffering from Bronchitis.  On 10th July 1916 he was transferred to the 5th Divisional Rest Station.  On 14th July 1916 he re-joined the 4th Pioneer Battalion as it arrived at Canaples, France, for training.

On 4th November 1916 the 4th Pioneer Battalion was training at Breilly, France, when Private Cannon was admitted to the 4th Australian Field Ambulance with stiff joints.  He was admitted to the 3rd Stationary Hospital at Amiens, France, later that day with an injured thumb. A note in his service record reported that his injury to thumb was ‘caused by cold exposure when on duty, soldier not to blame’.  On 8th November 1916 he was placed aboard the 4th Ambulance Train and moved to the 1st Australian General Hospital in Rouen, France, where he was admitted the next day.  He was transferred to the 2nd Convalescent Depot at Rouen with a dislocated thumb on 10th November 1916.

On 23rd November 1916 Private Cannon was discharged and sent to the 4th Australian Division Base Depot at Etaples, France.  He was admitted to the 26th General Hospital at Etaples with the dislocated thumb on 28th November 1916.  On 2nd December 1916 he was discharged to the 6th Convalescent Depot.  He was sent back to the 4th Australian Division Base Depot on 13th December 1916.

On 17th January 1917 Private Cannon marched out of the 4th Australian Division Base Depot to return to his unit.  He re-joined the 4th Pioneer Battalion on 19th January 1917 when it was conducting works in the vicinity of Longueval, France.

On 6th June 1917 the 4th Pioneer Battalion was in camp in the vicinity of Messines, Belgium, where it had been constructing roads, when Private Cannon was wounded in action, receiving an explosive shell wound to his right temple.[2]  On 6th June 1917 Private Cannon was evacuated to the 77th Field Ambulance, then moved back to the 53rd Casualty Clearing Station, then to the 1st Casualty Clearing Station, before he was admitted to the 1st New Zealand Stationary Hospital at Hazebrouck, France.

On 3rd July 1917 Private Cannon was placed aboard the 8th Ambulance Train and sent to the 13th General Hospital at Boulogne, France, and admitted with gunshot wound to the temple.

On 13th July 1917 Private Cannon was sent by Hospital Ship to England.  He was admitted to the Fulham Military Hospital on 14th July 1917.

On 3rd August 1917 Private Cannon was transferred to the 1st Australian Auxiliary Hospital at Harefield, England.  On 9th August 1917 he was granted leave, to report to the No. 2 Command Depot at Weymouth on 23rd August 1917.

On 28th August 1917 Private Cannon was transferred to the No. 4 Command Depot at Codford, England.

On 30th October 1917 Private Cannon went before a Medical Board that classed him unfit for general service for more than six months and unfit for home service, due to his gunshot wound and strain.

On 24th November 1917 Private Cannon was transferred back to the No. 2 Command Depot at Weymouth.

Private Cannon commenced his return to Australia from Plymouth on 20th December 1917 aboard the HMAT A54 Runic to be medically discharged with gunshot wound, right ankle debility and tachycardia.

He arrived in Australia on 14th February 1918.

On 6th July 1918 Private Cannon went before a Medical Board at the 4th Australian General Hospital at Randwick, Sydney, where his recommendation to be discharged was confirmed.

He was discharged medically unfit on 20th July 1918.

 

[1] NAA: B2455, CANNON S S

[2] AWM4 14/16/16 – June 1917, Australian Imperial Force unit war diaries, 1914-18 War, 4th Australian Pioneer Battalion.

Clarence William STEWART

Clarence William STEWART

Per his military service record (5222), Clarence William Stewart was born at Hargraves, N.S.W.[1]  He gave his age as 21 years, his marital status as single, and his occupation as labourer.  His description on his Certificate of medical examination was height 5 feet 6 inches tall, weight 151 lbs, with a fair complexion, brown eyes, and brown hair.  His religious denomination was Roman Catholic.  His next of kin on his Attestation paper was recorded as his mother, Mrs Mary Stewart, Hargraves, N.S.W.

He completed his medical examination at Wellington on 25th October 1915, (7 days after the Coo-ees had left that town), then travelled to Blayney to catch up with the Coo-ees.  He was attested by Captain Eade at Blayney on 26th October 1915.  He claimed to have no previous military experience.

‘C. W. Stewart’ was named in the Bathurst Times as one of the Wellington recruits that joined the Coo-ees at Blayney on 26th October 1915.[2]

After completing the Coo-ee March he went to Liverpool Camp as reinforcement for the 13th Battalion.

On 2nd February 1916 Private Stewart was charged with being absent without leave for 6 days. He was fined 30 shillings.

On 7th February 1916 Private Stewart was charged with being absent from special picquet. He was fined 10 shillings.

On 22nd February 1916 Private Stewart was charged with being absent from parade. He was fined 5 shillings.

His mother sent a letter  dated 29th March 1916 requesting her underage son be discharged from the A.I.F., in which she stated: ‘’In reference to my son Clarrie … I now find it my absolute duty to ask you, please, to discharge him at once as it is a case of necessity I cannot allow him to stay in any longer. If at any time when he is twenty one, he has the same patriotic feelings, he may, with my consent, re-enlist”.[3]

A copy of his birth certificate was also provided, dated 28th March 1916, which showed that his date of birth was 17th October 1897.[4] Clarence William Stewart therefore had only been 18 years and 9 days old when he enlisted on 26th October 1915 (and not 21 years of age as stated on his Attestation paper).

On 7th April 1916 Private Stewart was discharged at his mother’s request.

 

[1] NAA: B2455, STEWART C W

[2] ‘Western news’, The Bathurst Times,  27 October 1915,  p. 3. Retrieved January 3, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article111244211

[3] NAA: B2455, STEWART C W, letter to O.C., A Company, 13 Battalion, from M. Stewart, 29 March 1916.

[4] NAA: B2455, STEWART C W, Birth Certificate.

Harold Edmund CROUCH

Harold Edmund CROUCH

Per his military service record (Depot), Harold Edmund Crouch was born at Parramatta, N.S.W.[1]  He gave his age as 18 years and 11 months, his marital status as single, and his occupation as painter.  His description on his Certificate of medical examination was height 5 feet 5 ½ inches tall, weight 120lbs, with a fair complexion, greyish eyes, and brown hair.  His religious denomination was Church of England.  His next of kin on his Attestation paper was listed his mother, Mary E. Crouch, Hunter Street, Parramatta.

He completed his medical examination at Parramatta on 10th November 1915, and was attested by Lieutenant R. Howe at Parramatta, on 11th November 1915.  He claimed to have one years previous military experience with the Senior Cadets.

He was one of the 41 men who had offered themselves as recruits at the recruiting meeting held for the Coo-ees in the Park at Parramatta on Wednesday evening 10th November 1915.[2]

After completing the Coo-ee March he went to Liverpool Camp as reinforcement for the 13th Battalion.

A letter in his service record from his mother, M. E. Crouch, dated 10th November 1915, had given consent for her son to enlist.[3]

However, a few weeks later, his mother sent a letter to the A.I.F. dated 21st December 1915 withdrawing her consent, in which she stated: ‘’I hearby apply for my son’s discharge from the Military Force on account of his age and health, consent given last November”.[4]

His actual age is not listed in his service record, but his birth was registered in 1899, so it is likely he may only have been 16 years of age when he enlisted.[5]

He was discharged at parents request, on 5th January 1916.

 

[1] NAA: B2455, CROUCH H E

[2] ‘The procession’, The Cumberland Argus and Fruitgrowers Advocate, 13 November 1915, p. 11, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article86101767

[3] NAA: B2455, CROUCH H E, letter to the bearer, from M. E. Crouch, 10 November 1915.

[4] NAA: B2455, CROUCH H E, letter from M. E. Crouch, 21 December 1915.

[5] NSW BDM Index, Births, CROUCH HAROLD E  6066/1899  CHARLES MARY E PARRAMATTA