Category Archives: Recruits

James Simpson

James SIMPSON

Per his military service record (regimental no. 4928), James Simpson was born at Hollytown, Scotland.[1] He gave his age as 30 years, his marital status as single, and his occupation as iron and steel smelting. His description on his Certificate of Medical Examination was height 5 feet 6 ¾ inches tall, with a dark complexion, hazel eyes, and black hair. His religious denomination was Presbyterian. He claimed that he had no previous military service.

He completed his medical examination, and was attested by Lieutenant F. Middenway, at Springwood on 8th November 1915 (the day the Coo-ees arrived at Springwood).

After the Coo-ee March he went to Liverpool Camp as reinforcement for the 13th Battalion.

On 4th February 1916 Private Simpson was charged with being absent without leave for 1 day from the Liverpool Camp. He was fined 5 shillings.

On 22nd February 1916 he was charged with being absent without leave for 4 days. He was fined 2 pounds.

On his embarkation roll his address at time of enrolment was not listed. His next of kin is listed as his sister, Miss L. Simpson, Midcot, Mossend, Lanarkshire, Scotland.[2]

On 8th March 1916 Private Simpson, along with many of the other Coo-ees, departed Sydney on the HMAT A15 Star of England with the 15th reinforcements for the 13th Battalion, and arrived in Egypt on the 11th April 1916.

On 16th April 1916 Private Simpson was transferred to the 4th Pioneer Battalion at Tel-el-Kebir.

On 15th May 1916 Private Simpson was sent to the 12th Australian Field Ambulance sick. He was discharged on 19th May 1916.

On 4th June 1916 Private Simpson left Alexandria aboard the Transport Scotian bound for France.  He arrived at Marseilles on 11th June 1916.

After serving with the 4th Pioneer Battalion in France for 6 months, on 14th December 1916 Private Simpson was sent to the 13th Australian Field Ambulance sick with Diarrhoea. He was sent to the ANZAC Rest Station later that day. He was discharged and rejoined his unit on 31st December 1916.

On 21st July 1917 Private Simpson was sent to the 13th Australian Field Ambulance sick. He was moved back to the 2nd Casualty Clearing Station. On 23rd July 1917 he was placed aboard the 12th Ambulance Train and on 26th July 1917 he was admitted to the 39th General Hospital at Le Harve, France.

He was discharged from hospital and marched into the 4th Australian Base Depot at Le Harve on 6th September 1917.

On 10th September 1917 Private Simpson was readmitted sick to the 39th General Hospital. He was discharged to the 1st Australian Clearning Station on 26th September 1917.

He rejoined the 4th Pioneer Battalion on 17th January 1918.

On 5th March 1918 Private Simpson was charged with being absent without leave from 0900 on 26th February 1918 till 1530 on 5th March 1918. He was fined 18 days pay.

On 14th October 1918 Private Simpson was granted leave to England. He rejoined the 4th Pioneer Battalion on 30th October 1918.

On 27th January 1919 Private Simpson marched into the Australian Base Depot at Le Harve to commence his return to England.

On 10th February 1919 Private Simpson departed the 4th Australian Division Base Depot at Le Harve for England. He arrived at Weymouth, England, on 11th February 1919.

On 1st July 1919 Private Simpson left England on the H.T. Frankfurt bound for Australia.

He arrived in Australia on 21st August 1919.

He was discharged termination of period of enlistment on 13th October 1919.

 

[1] NAA B2455, SIMPSON JAMES

[2] Australian War Memorial. First World War Embarkation Roll, James Simpson,  4928.

Richard Gilbert Clarence WRIGLEY

Richard Gilbert Clarence WRIGLEY

Per his military service record (regimental no. N214093), Richard Gilbert Clarence Wrigley was born in Gilgandra, N.S.W.[1] He gave his age as 22 years and 3 months, his marital status as single, and his occupation as horse breaking. His description on his Certificate of Medical Examination form was 5 feet 7 inches tall, weight 10 stone, with a fair complexion, blue eyes, and fair hair. His religious denomination was recorded as being Anglican. He claimed to have 18 months previous military service with the Gilgandra  9th Light Horse Regiment.

His next of kin was recorded on his Australian Imperial Force Attestation Paper of Persons Enlisted for Service Abroad form as his father, Mr T. J. Wrigley, Post Office, Gilgandra.

“Dick” Wrigley was reported to having mounted the platform following an appeal for recruits at another soldier’s farewell in Gilgandra on 21st October 1915, and the Gilgandra Weekly reported that ‘“Dick” will pick up the “Coo-ees” at Wallerawang’.[2]

He completed his medical examination at Gilgandra on 26th October 1915 (16 days after the start of the Coo-ee March).

Along with Tyson Ryan, also from Gilgandra, he caught up with the Coo-ees, and was attested by Captain A. C. Eade at Lawson on 7th November 1915 (the day the Coo-ees rested at Lawson).

After completing the Coo-ee March he went to Liverpool Camp as reinforcement for the 1st Australian Light Horse Regiment.

Trooper Wrigley was apprehended by the civil police on24th December 1915 for being drunk and absent without leave for four days. On 30th December 1915 he was charged with being absent without leave for two days on 29th and 30th December.  He was fined  £1 and forfeited 2 days pay.

Private “Dick” Wrigley and Corporal “Bill” Hitchen were given a send-off at the Australian Hall in Gilgandra on Monday 20th March 1916.[3]

On the 4th May 1916 Trooper Wrigley was posted as a deserter from Menangle Park. On 19th May 1916 a warrant was issued for his arrest.

The warrant was withdrawn on 30th January 1919.

 

[1] NAA: B2455, WRIGLEY R G C

[2] ‘Another for the Front’, Gilgandra Weekly, 29 October 1915,  p. 12. Retrieved December 1, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article119923921

[3] ‘Good-bye!’, Gilgandra Weekly, 24 March 1916, p. 25. Retrieved December 1, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article119923643

 

John BARTLEY

John BARTLEY

Per his military service record (Depot), John Bartley was born at Ballarat, Victoria.[1] He gave his age as 33 years and 4 months, his marital status as single, and his occupation as shearer. His description on his Certificate of Medical Examination was 5 feet 7 inches tall, weight 168 lbs., with a dark complexion, brown eyes, and black hair. His religious denomination was Church of England. He claimed that he had no previous military service.

He completed his medical examination at Wellington on 16th October 1915 (when the Coo-ees were at Wellington). He was attested by Captain T. A. Nicholas at Mumbil on 19th October 1915.

His next of kin was recorded on his Australian Imperial Force Attestation Paper of Persons Enlisted for Service Abroad form as Charlotte Crougey, Osborne Street, Williamstown, Melbourne, Victoria.

After the Coo-ee March he went into Liverpool Camp.

On 17th November 1915 Private Bartley went before a medical Board at Liverpool Camp where he was deemed as unfit for military service due to defective vision.

Private Bartley was discharged medically unfit on 29th November 1915.

 

[1] NAA: B2455, BARTLEY J

Charles Edward BOW

Charles Edward BOW

Per his military service record (regimental no. 4735), Charles Edward Bow was born at Parramatta, N.S.W.[1] He gave his age as 29 years and 4 months, his marital status as single, and his occupation as bricklayer. His description on his Certificate of Medical Examination was height 5 feet 3 ½ inches tall, weight 9 stone 6 lbs., with a dark complexion, brown eyes, and black hair. His religious denomination was Congregational. He claimed that he had no previous military service.

He completed his medical examination at Ashfield on 12th November 1915, and was attested at Ashfield by Lieutenant S. Stilling on the 12th November 1915 (on the last day of the Coo-ee March, the day the Coo-ees marched from Ashfield to Sydney).

After completing the Coo-ee March he went to Liverpool Camp as reinforcement for the 13th Battalion.

On 22nd December 1915 Private Bow was charged with being absent without leave from the Liverpool Camp on the 17th, 18th and 19th of December 1915. He was fined.

On 8th February 1916 he was charged with being absent without leave from the Liverpool Camp on the 1st and 2nd of February 1916. He was fined.

On his embarkation roll his address at time of enrolment was his address was C/o Mrs J. Langan, Tolorno, Coventry Road, Homebush, N.S.W.  His next of kin was listed as his father, G.[George] Bow, Phillip Street, Parramatta, N.S.W.

On 8th March 1916 Private Bow departed Sydney on the HMAT A15 Star of England along with many of the other Coo-ees, arriving in Egypt on the 11th April 1916.

On 16th April 1916 Private Bow was transferred to the 4th Pioneer Battalion at Tel-El-Kebir, Egypt.

On 4th June 1916 Private Bow left Alexandria aboard the Transport Scotian bound for France, arriving at Marseilles on 11th June 1916.

Private Bow served with the 4th Pioneer Battalion in France until on 20th September 1917 when Private Bow was admitted to the 1st Australian Casualty Clearing Station with Malaria. On 27th September 1917 he was transferred to the 2nd Stationary Hospital at Abbeville, France, with a fissure.

On 2nd October 1917 he was placed aboard a Hospital Ship bound for England. He was admitted to the 1st Southern General Hospital at Birmingham, England with severe Haemorrhoids.

On 11th October 1917 Private Bow was discharged from Hospital and granted leave to report to the No. 1 Command depot at Sutton Veny, England, on 25th October 1917.

On 3rd November 1917 Private Bow was admitted to the Sutton Veny Military Hospital suffering Asthma. He was discharged to No. 1 Command Depot at Sutton Veny on 9th of November 1917.

On 4th December 1917 Private Bow was found by a Medical Board to have chronic bronchitis.

On 29th December 1917 Private Bow marched out to No. 2 Command Depot at Weymouth, England.

On 30th January 1918 Private Bow commenced his return to Australia aboard the H.T. Euripides for medical discharge from Plymouth, England.

He arrived in Australia on 21st March 1918.

He was discharged medically unfit with chronic bronchitis at Sydney on 4th May 1918.

 

[1] NAA B2455, BOW C E

Robert AYRES

Robert AYRES

Per his military service record (regimental no. 4729), Robert Ayres was born at Surrey Hills, N.S.W.[1]  He gave his age as 41 years and 11 months, his marital status as married, and his occupation as cab driver.  His description on his Certificate of Medical Examination was height  5 feet 5 ½ inches tall, weight 140 lbs., with a fair complexion, blue eyes, and fair hair. His religious denomination was Wesleyan.  He claimed to have no previous military service.

He completed his medical examination at Ashfield on 11th November 1915.  He was attested by Lieutenant F. Middenway when the Coo-ees were at Ashfield on 11th November 1915.

After completing the Coo-ee March he went to Liverpool Camp as reinforcement for the 13th Battalion.

On his embarkation roll his address at time of enrolment was 2 Mill Street, Croydon, N.S.W.[2]  His next of kin was listed as his wife, Mrs M. [Martha] Ayres, at the same address.

On 8th March 1916 Private Ayres, along with many of the other Coo-ees, departed Sydney on the HMAT A15 Star of England. He arrived in Egypt on 11th April 1916.

On 7th of June 1916 Private Ayres left Alexandria aboard the H.T. Ionian bound for France.  He arrived at Marseilles on 14th June 1916.

He joined the 13th Battalion in France on 19th August 1916.

Ten days later, on 29th August 1916 the 13th Battalion was in action around Mouquet Farm, France.  During the previous 24 hour period the 13th Battalion was under heavy artillery fire, and had suffered a total of 18 killed, 99 wounded and 33 missing.[3] Private Ayres was one of those wounded, being evacuated to a Casualty Clearing Station suffering Shell Shock.

On 6th September 1916 Private Ayres was sent to the 3rd Convalescent Depot at Etaples, France.

On 9th September 1916 he marched into the 4th Australian Division Base Depot at Etaples.

On 7th January 1917 Private Ayres re-joined the 13th Battalion when it was at Mametz, France.[4]

On 29th January 1917 Private Ayres was detached for duty at the Corps Baths at Heilly, France.

On 20th April 1917 Private Ayres was sent to hospital. He re-joined the 13th Battalion on 26th April 1917, when it was training at Ribemont, France.[5]

On 14th September 1917 Private Ayres was detached from the 13th Battalion for duty at the 4th Australian Division Base Depot at Le Harve, France. He arrived on 16th September 1917.

On 26th September 1917 Private Ayres was transferred to England.  He arrived at Weymouth, England, on 27th September 1917, where he marched into the No. 2 Command Depot.

Private Ayres departed England on 31st October 1917 for return to Australia, suffering senility, aboard the H.M.A.T. Berrima.

He disembarked at Sydney on 31st December 1917.

Private Ayres was discharged medically unfit on 31st January 1918.

 

[1] NAA: B2455, AYRES R

[2] Australian War Memorial. First World War Embarkation Roll, Robert Ayres, 4729.

[3] Australian Imperial Force unit war diaries, 1914-18 War – AWM4 Subclass 23/30 – 13th Infantry Battalion, August 1916.

[4] Australian Imperial Force unit war diaries, 1914-18 War – AWM4 Subclass 23/30 – 13th Infantry Battalion, January 1917.

[5] Australian Imperial Force unit war diaries, 1914-18 War – AWM4 Subclass 23/30 – 13th Infantry Battalion, April 1917.

William Charles ELLERY

William Charles ELLERY

Per his military service record (regimental no. 4769), William Charles Ellery was born at Castlemaine, Victoria.[1]  He gave his age as 43 years and 7 months, his marital status as single, and his occupation as labourer.  His description on his Certificate of Medical Examination was height 5 feet 9 inches tall, weight 168 lbs., with a dark complexion, brown eyes, and brown hair. His religious denomination was Wesleyan.  He claimed to have no previous military service.

In the Dunedoo Chronicle section of the Mudgee Guardian and North-Western Representative, it was reported that a large crowd farewelled Mr. W. C. Ellery at the local train station, ‘who left by train for Lithgow in the hope of joining Hitchen’s “Coo-ees”’.[2]

He completed his medical examination at Ashfield on 11th November 1915.  He was attested by Lieutenant F. Middenway when the Coo-ees were at Ashfield on 11th November 1915.  His ‘Oath to be taken by person being enlisted’ section on his Attestation Paper was dated from 2nd November 1915 (when the Coo-ees were in Lithgow).

After completing the Coo-ee March he went to Liverpool Camp as reinforcement for the 13th Battalion.

On his embarkation roll his address at time of enrolment was Dunedoo, N.S.W.[3]  His next of kin was listed as friend, W. Miller, C/o A. Yeo, Merrygoen, Dunedoo, N.S.W.

On 8th March 1916 Private Ellery, along with many of the other Coo-ees, departed Sydney on the HMAT A15 Star of England. He arrived in Egypt on 11th April 1916.

On 19th April 1916 Private Ellery was transferred to the 45th Battalion at Tel-el-Kebir.

On 18th June 1916 Private Ellery left Alexandria aboard the Kinfauns Castle bound for France, arriving at Marseilles on 29th June 1916.

Private Ellery served with the 45th Battalion through its first action at Fleurbaix, France in July 1916 then through the battles around Pozieres and Mouquet Farm in August, September and October 1916.

On 31st December 1916  the 45th Battalion was training at Flesslers, France when Private Elley was evacuated sick. On 11th January 1917 Private Ellery was admitted to the 8th Australian Field Ambulance suffering Rheumatism. He was discharged on 16th January 1917, and rejoined the 45th Battalion when it was manning the front line in the vicinity of Gudecourt, France.

On 23rd April 1917 the 45th Battalion was training at Bresle, France, when Private Ellery was admitted to the 13th Australian Field Ambulance suffering from Chronic Rheumatism.

He was discharged to duty on 4th May 1917, and returned to the 45th Battalion on 6th May 1917, when it was still at Bresle, France.

On 14th May 1917 Private Ellery was admitted to the 7th Australian Field Ambulance suffering from Chronic Rheumatism. He was discharged on 25th May 1917, and rejoined the 45th Battalion when it was at Neuve Eglise, France, providing working parties in the rear area of the front.

On 12th December 1917 the 45th Battalion was training at Haut Allaines, France, when Private Ellery was evacuated sick. On 13th December 1917 he was evacuated to the 9th General Hospital at Rouen, France, suffering from Rheumatic Fever.

On 14th December 1917 Private Ellery was placed aboard a Hospital Ship for evacuation to England.

On 15th December 1917 he was admitted to the University War Hospital at Southampton, England suffering Chronic Rheumatism.

On 9th January 1918 he was transferred to the 3rd Australian Auxiliary Hospital at Dartford, England.

On 13th January 1918 Private Ellery was discharged from hospital, and marched into the No. 2 Command Depot at Weymouth, England.

Private Ellery commenced his return to Australia aboard the H.T. Dunvegan Castle on 13th March 1918.  On 21st May 1918 he embarked at Captetown, South Africa, aboard H.T. Tofua.

He disembarked at Melbourne on 14th June 1918.

He was discharged medically unfit with chronic rheumatic arthritis on 3rd August 1918.

Note: It appears from a newspaper article about his welcome home to Dunedoo on 27th November 1918 that the surname of “Ellery” that he enlisted under may have been an assumed name, and that his surname was actually “Burly” or “Burley”.[4]

 

[1] NAA: B2455, ELLERY W C

[2] ‘The Doings Of The West’, Gilgandra Weekly (NSW : 1915 – 1929), 12 November 1915, p. 15. Retrieved November 12, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article119922120

[3] Australian War Memorial. First World War Embarkation Roll, William Charles Ellery.

[4] ‘Presentation to Returned Soldiers’, Mudgee Guardian and North-Western Representative, 5 December 1918, p. 11. Retrieved November 12, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article157145589

 

Harold Edgar GRAHAM

Harold Edgar GRAHAM

Per his military service record (Depot), Harold Edgar Graham was born at Narrandera, N.S.W.[1]  He gave his age as 23 years and 4 months, his marital status as single, and his occupation as cook.  His description on his Certificate of Medical Examination was height 5 feet 7 ½ inches tall, weight 11 stone, with a florid complexion, hazel eyes, and light brown hair.  His religious denomination was recorded as Roman Catholic.  He claimed that he had no previous military service.

His postal address on his initial Application to Enlist in the Australia Imperial Force form, addressed to the Recruiting Officer at Molong, was Tottenham via Trangie N.S.W.  His next of kin on his Attestation Paper was recorded as his father, A. E. Graham, at the same address.

He was one of the four recruits sent by the Parkes Recruiting Association by train to join the Coo-ees at Molong.

‘Harold E. Graham’ was reported as one of ‘five recruits to meet the contingent at Molong’ in the Molong Express and Western District Advertiser on 23rd October 1915.[2]

He completed his medical examination on 22nd October 1915 at Molong, and was attested by Captain T. Nicholas eight miles east of Molong on the same day.

After completing the Coo-ee March he went to Liverpool Camp as reinforcement for the 13th Battalion.

Less than a week later, a letter in his service record dated 18th November 1915 reports that ‘this man came before Redfern Court charged with riotous behaviour in Redfern and was fined 10/- or 10 hours has 7 days to pay’.[3]  He was also charged by the military authorities with being absent without leave the same day, and was given a warning.

The Forbes Advocate reported on  Friday 10th December 1915 that Coo-ees ‘H. Grahame’ [sic] and ‘T. Taylor’, on final leave with two other soldiers, attended a send-off at Bogan Gate on Thursday night, where they were presented with a wristlet watch each.[4]

Private Graham was soon in trouble again with the law, going before the Police Court at Parkes on 24th December 1915, where along with fellow Coo-ee Thomas W. Taylor, he ‘pleaded guilty to a charge of stealing, in company, the sum of £5 from the person of Frank Williams’.[5]

The Western Champion reported on 30th December 1915 that ‘the accused, who appeared in court in the uniform of the Australian Imperial Forces, were two of the men who joined the Gilgandra “Coo-ees” as recruits from Parkes’, and that the ‘men originally came from the Bogan Gate district’.[6]

They were both sentenced to four months in Goulburn Gaol. [7]

Private Graham’s period of service in the Infantry Depot at Liverpool is recorded on his Statement of Service as being from 22nd October 1915 to 9th January 1916, when he was recorded as being a Deserter.

He was discharged from the A.I.F. on 31st March 1916, with the reason for discharge being recorded as ‘convicted Civil Court’.

 

[1] NAA: B2455, GRAHAM H E

[2] ‘The “Coo-ees” Come’, Molong Express and Western District Advertiser, 23 October 1915, p. 10. Retrieved November 5, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article101050484

[3] Letter, Sgt. F. Matheson, 18/11/15, NAA: B2455, GRAHAM H E

[4] ‘Bogan Gate’, The Forbes Advocate, 10 December 1915, p. 6. Retrieved November 5, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article100289126

[5] ‘Two Beauties’, Western Champion, 30 December 1915, p. 17. Retrieved November 5, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article112310980

[6] ‘Two Beauties’, Western Champion, 30 December 1915, p. 17. Retrieved November 5, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article112310980

[7] Harold Edgar Graham gaol record, Goulburn Gaol, NSW State Archives and Records, https://www.records.nsw.gov.au/index_image/2232_a006_a00603_5979000090r

 

Walter CAVILL

Walter CAVILL

Per his military service record (regimental no. 25628), Walter Cavill was born at Bulli, N.S.W.[1] He gave his age as 22 years and 4 months, his marital status as single, and his occupation as electric crane driver. He claimed to have no previous military experience.

His description on his Certificate of Medical Examination was height 5 feet 8 inches tall, weight 146 lbs., with a ruddy complexion, grey eyes, and dark brown hair. His religious denomination was Church of England. He was attested by Captain Eade at Lithgow on 3rd November 1915 (the day the Coo-ees marched from Lithgow to Hartley).  He completed his medical at Lawson on 6th November 1915 (the day the Coo-ees marched from Katoomba to Lawson).

After completing the Coo-ee March he went to Liverpool Camp as reinforcement for the 13th Battalion.

On 5th January 1916 he was transferred to the reinforcements for the Field Artillery Brigade.

On his embarkation roll his address at time of enrolment was Main Street, Lithgow, N.S.W.[2] His next of kin was listed as his father, J. [John] Cavill, P.O. Clifton, N.S.W.

On 29th July 1916 Driver Cavill departed Sydney on the H.M.A.T. Orsova  A67 with the 4th Reinforcements for the 4th Divisional Ammunition Column.

HMAT Orsova A67 leaving Melbourne 1 August 1916. Part of the Australian War Memorial collection. PB0663.

He arrived at Plymouth in England on 14th September 1916. 

On 9th October 1916 Driver Cavill was charged with overstaying his leave from midnight on 8th October 1916 till 0930 on 9th October 1916 from No. 1 Camp at Parkhouse. He was fined one day pay.

On 24th October 1916 Driver Cavill transferred to the 55th Battalion at Hurdcott, England.

On  4th December 1916 Private Cavill was charged with being absent without leave from 0630 on 22nd November 1916 till 0630 on 1st December 1916. He was awarded 21 days Field Punishment No. 2 and fined 33 days pay.

On 11th December 1916 Driver Cavill was admitted to the 1st Australian Dermatological Hospital at Bulford, England, sick. He was discharged on 12th January 1917.

On 24th January 1917 Driver Cavill departed Folkestone, England, aboard the S.S.  Princess Clementine, bound for France.

He arrived at the 5th Division Base Depot at Etaples, France, on 25th January 1917.

On 8th February 1917 Driver Cavill was taken on strength of the 55th Battalion when it was resting at Trones Wood Camp, France.[3]

On 10th September 1917 Driver Cavill was charged with being absent without leave from 1400 parade on 5th September 1917, and being absent without leave from all parades on 6th September 1917. He was awarded 2 days Field Punishment No. 2.

On 22nd October 1917 the 55th Battalion was resting at Dickebusch Camp in Belgium, after moving back from frontline support east of Westhoek, Belgium, the day before.  On this day Driver Cavill was sent to the 8th Australian Field Ambulance sick.[4] He was moved back to the 5th Division Rest Camp.

On 28th October 1917 he was placed aboard an Ambulance Train and transferred to the 8th Stationary Hospital at Wimereux, France, where he was admitted with Myalgia.

On 16th November 1917 Driver Cavill was placed aboard the Hospital Ship St Andrew for evacuation to England. He was admitted to the 1st Western General Hospital at Liverpool, England, on 17th November 1917, suffering from Trench Fever (serious).

On 2nd January 1918 Driver Cavill was discharged from hospital and granted leave, to report to the No. 3 Command Depot at Hurdcott, England on 18th January 1918.

On 27th March 1918 he was transferred to the No. 3 Command Depot at Weymouth, England.

Driver Cavill departed  England on 21st April 1918 aboard the H.M.A.T. Suevic for return to Australia, suffering Trench Fever .

He arrived in Australia on 7th June 1918.

He was discharged Medically Unfit on 7th December 1918.

 

[1] NAA: B2455, CAVILL W

[2] First World War Embarkation Roll Walter Cavill, https://www.awm.gov.au/collection/R1989523

[3] Australian Imperial Force unit war diaries, 1914-18 War – AWM4 Subclass 23/72 – 55th Infantry Battalion, February 1917.

[4] Australian Imperial Force unit war diaries, 1914-18 War – AWM4 Subclass 23/72 – 55th Infantry Battalion, October 1917.

Joseph Jacob John HERRINGE

Joseph Jacob John HERRINGE

Joseph Herringe and his mother Mrs Bridget Herringe (Photograph courtesy of Marie Cribbin)

Per his military service record (regimental no. 5700), Joseph Jacob John Herringe was born at Cowra, N.S.W.[1]  He gave his age as 21 years and 7 months, his marital status as single, and his occupation as fitter.  He stated he has been apprenticed as a gasfitter for 3 years to A. Wright at Cowra. He claimed that he had 2 years previous military service with the 41st Infantry at Cowra.

His description on his Certificate of Medical Examination form was height 5 feet 10 inches tall, weight 147 lbs., with a ruddy complexion, brown eyes, and brown hair. His religious denomination was Roman Catholic.

He completed his medical examination on 11th November 1915 at Ashfield, and was attested by Lieutenant Frank Middenway at Ashfield on 11th November 1915. His date of joining was recorded as 11th November 1915, the day the Coo-ees marched from Parramatta to Ashfield.

It appears that Joseph Herringe may have first presented to join the Co-ees at Katoomba, as a ‘J. Herringe’ was listed in The Blue Mountain Echo on 12th November 1915 as ‘one of the lads who answered the call, and marched out [of Katoomba] with the “Coo-ees” on their triumphant march to the sea’.[2]  (Several of the Coo-ees listed in this article did not undertake their attestation and medical examination until further along the march, or until they reached Liverpool Camp).

After completing the Coo-ee March he went to Liverpool Camp as reinforcement for the 13th Battalion.

Private Herringe, along with Private Colin Wren, ‘of the Coo-ees’, were ‘among the lads in khaki’ reported to be in Cowra on leave in the Cowra Free Press on 27th November 1915.[3]

They were both reported being on leave again ‘spending the festive season with their relatives and friends’ in the Cowra Free Press on 30th December 1915.[4]

On his embarkation roll Private Herringe’s address at time of enrolment was Grenfell Road, Cowra, N.S.W. His next of kin was recorded as his mother, Mrs B. [Bridget] M. Herringe, at the same address.[5]

On 3rd May 1916 Private Herringe departed Sydney on the HMAT A46 Clan McGillivray, along with fellow Coo-ees Private Saunders and Private Keating, as part of the 18th reinforcements for the 13th Battalion.

HMAT Clan MacGillivray A46

He arrived in Egypt in June 1916.

On 6th August 1916 Private Herringe departed Egypt bound for England aboard the Transport Megantic.

He was sent to the 4th Training Battalion at Rollerstone, England.

On 23rd September 1916 Private Herringe departed England bound for France.

He marched into the 4th Australian Division Base Depot at Etaples, France on 24th September 1916.

He was taken on strength of the 13th Battalion on the 4th of October 1916 whilst it was training and reorganising in the vicinity of Reninghelst, Belgium.

On 18th October 1916 the 13th Battalion was relieving the 15th Battalion in the front line in the vicinity of Zonnebeke, Belgium, when Private Herringe was wounded by mustard gas poisoning.  He was moved back to the 11th Australian Field Ambulance, then to the 3rd Australian Field Ambulance.

On 20th October 1917 Private Herringe was sent to the 2nd Canadian Casualty Clearing Station. On 22nd October 1917 he was admitted to the 16th General Hospital at Le Treport, France.

On 5th November 1917 Private Herringe was placed aboard the Hospital Ship Panama for evacuation to England. On 6th November 1917 he was admitted to the 1st Southern General Hospital at Birmingham, England, with status ‘gassed severe’.

He was discharged on 15th November 1917, and marched into the No. 3 Command Depot at Hurdcott, England.

On 12th February 1918 Private Herringe was transferred to the Overseas Training Brigade at Longbridge Deverill, England.

On 23rd February 1918 Private Herringe was charged with being absent without leave from midnight on 21st February 1918 until 8.30 a.m. on 23rd February 1918. He was awarded 4 days field punishment no. 2, and fined 5 days pay.

On 4th March 1918 Private Herringe departed Southampton, England bound for France.  He marched into the 4th Australian Division Base Depot at Le Harve on 5th March 1918.

He re-joined the 13th Battalion on 9th March 1918 whilst it was training in the vicinity of Neuve Eglise, France.

On 28th April 1918 Private Herringe was sent to the 14th Australian Field Ambulance then moved to the 20th Casualty Clearance Station with a condition not yet diagnosed. He was discharged and returned to the 13th Battalion on 30th April 1918 when it was at Glisy, France.

On 25th May 1918 the 13th Battalion was conducting training at Allonville, France, when Private Herringe was sent to the 4th Australian Field Ambulance suffering pyrexia.  He was moved back to the 61st Casualty Clearing Station. On 26th May 1918 he was placed aboard the 20th Ambulance Train and evacuated to the 56th General Hospital at Etaples, France, where he was admitted on 27th May 1918.

On 1st June 1918 Private Herringe was placed aboard the Hospital Ship Princess Elizabeth for evacuation to England with severe trench fever. He was admitted to the Reading War Hospital in England later that day.

Private Herringe was discharged from hospital on 5th July 1918, and given leave until 19th July 1918.  He marched in to the No. 1 Command Depot at Sutton Veny, England, on 19th July 1918.

On the 10th of August 1918 Private Herringe was transferred to the Overseas Training Brigade at Longbridge Deverill, England.

On 19th August 1918 Private Herringe was transferred to the 12th Training Brigade at Codford, England.

On 19th November 1918 Private Herringe was admitted to the 1st Australian Dermatological Hospital at Bulford, England, suffering warts.  He was discharged on 6th December 1918 and returned to the 12th Training Battalion.

On 15th January 1919 private Herringe marched into the Concentration Depot at Codford to await his return to Australia.

Private Herringe departed Liverpool, England on 19th February 1919 for return to Australia aboard the H.T. Orca.

He arrived in Australia on 9th April 1919.

A letter in his file dated 1st February 1921, addressed to the O.C., Base Records, reported that he was ‘still on Hospital strength’.

H was discharged medically unfit on 14th May 1921.

 

[1] NAA B2455, HERRINGE J J J 5700

[2] ‘March O’er the Mountains’, (1915, November 12). The Blue Mountain Echo (NSW : 1909 – 1928), pp. 2-3. Retrieved September 21, 2015, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article108042142

[3] ‘Soldiers on Leave’, (1915, November 27). Cowra Free Press (NSW : 1911 – 1921), p. 2. Retrieved October 3, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article99695725

[4] ‘On Leave’, (1915, December 30). Cowra Free Press (NSW : 1911 – 1921), p. 2. Retrieved October 8, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article99696209

[5]  First World War Embarkation Roll Joseph Jacob John Herringe, https://www.awm.gov.au/collection/R1830996

 

Walter James WATTS

Walter James WATTS

Per his military service record (Depot), Walter James Watts was born at Hay, N.S.W.[1]  He gave his age as 38 years, his marital status as married, and his occupation as labourer. His description on his Certificate of Medical Examination form was height 5 feet 6 inches tall, weight 10 stone, with a dark complexion, blue eyes, and dark hair. His religious denomination was recorded as being Anglican.  He claimed that he had no previous military service.

His next of kin was recorded on his Australian Imperial Force Attestation Paper of Persons Enlisted for Service Abroad form as Mrs E. M. Watts, C/o J. Dumbrell, Walla Walla N.S.W.

He completed his medical examination at Gilgandra on 14th October 1915 (4 days after the Coo-ees left Gilgandra).  He travelled to Dubbo Army Camp – the nearest place he could enlist, and was attested at Dubbo on 17th October 1915.

The Gilgandra Weekly reported on 3rd December 1915 that prior to enlisting Watts had been ‘employed by Mr Utley, a district sawmiller’, and that ‘he left Gilgandra for the Dubbo Depot Camp, where he enlisted on October 16. The next day he entrained to Wellington and joined the Coo-ees’.[2]

The Coo-ees had a rest day in Wellington on 17th October 1915.

After completing the Co-ee March he went to Liverpool Camp as reinforcement for the 13th Battalion.

On 17th November 1915 Private Watts of the “Coo-ees” went before a Medical Board at Liverpool Camp, where he was found to be unfit for active service due to varicose veins.

Private Watts was discharged medically unfit on 29th November 1915.

 

[1] NAA: B2455, WATTS WALTER JAMES

[2] ‘An aftermath’, Gilgandra Weekly, 3 December 1915, p. 10. Retrieved August 11, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article119922362