Alfred James CARR

Alfred James CARR

Per his military service record (regimental no. 2155), Alfred James Carr was born at Wellington, N.S.W.[1] He gave his age as 25 years and 1 month, his marital status as single, and his occupation as labourer. His description on his Certificate of Medical Examination was height 5 feet 11 inches tall, weight 168 lbs., with a fair complexion, blue eyes, and dark brown hair. His religious denomination was Church of England. He claimed that he had no previous military service.

He completed his medical examination at Wellington on 18th October 1915 (the day the Coo-ees marched from Wellington to Dripstone). He was attested by Captain T. A. Nicholas at Stuart Town on 19th October 1915 (the day the Coo-ees marched from Dripstone to Stuart Town).

After completing the Coo-ee March he went to Liverpool Camp and joined the 15th reinforcements for the 6th Light Horse Regiment.

On his embarkation roll his address at time of enrolment was Maughan Street, Wellington N.S.W.[2] His next of kin was listed as his father, George Edward Carr, at the same address.

On 22nd March 1916 Trooper Carr (along with fellow Coo-ees Troopers Condon, Kennedy and Sullivan) departed Sydney on the HMAT A4 Pera, with the 15th reinforcements for the 6th Light Horse Regiment.

After arriving at Suez in Egypt, Trooper Carr was hospitalised suffering Mumps on 21st April 1916.

He was discharged from the Government Hospital at Suez, and taken on strength of the 2nd Light Horse Training Regiment at Tel-el-Kebir on 26th April 1916.

On 27th May 1916 Trooper Carr was admitted to the 3rd Australian General Hospital at Abbassia, Egypt, suffering Influenza.  He rejoined the Training Regiment at Tel-el-Kebir on 13th June 1916.

On 15th July 1916 he was taken on strength of the 12 Company of the 1st ANZAC Battalion of the Imperial Camel Corps Brigade at Abbassia.

On 2nd August 1916 Trooper Car was admitted sick to the 1st Australian Dermatological Hospital at Abbasia. He was discharged from hospital on 8th August 1916. He was taken on strength of the No. 11 Company of the Imperial Camel Corps at Moghara on 17th August 1916.

On 1st September 1916 Trooper Carr was admitted sick to the 17th General Hospital at Alexandria, Egypt. He was discharged from hospital on 11th December 1916.  (Trooper Carr had been transferred to the 3rd ANZAC Battalion of the Imperial Camel Corps on 11th November 1916). On 15th December 1916 he marched out the No. 1 Company of the Imperial Camel Corps.

On 24th March 1917 Trooper Carr was admitted to the 14th Australian General Hospital at Abbassia with septic sores on his left leg. He rejoined his unit on 17th June 1917.

On the 1st of September 1917 Trooper CARR was admitted sick to the 26th Stationary Hospital at Ismailia, Egypt, with Herpes zoster [shingles]. He was discharge from hospital on 9th September 1917. He was posted to 1st Battalion Imperial Camel Corps, and joined No. 1 Company, on 21st September 1917.

On 21st March 1918 Trooper Car went to hospital in the field sick. On 25th March 1918 he was admitted to the 14th Australian General Hospital at Port Said suffering from Psoriasis. He was discharged from hospital on 10th May 1918 and sent to a Rest Camp in Abbassia. He rejoined his unit on 31st May 1918.

On 1st July 1918 Trooper Carr was transferred to the 14th Light Horse Regiment.

On the 5th September 1918 Trooper Carr was admitted to the 14th Australian General Hospital at Port Said suffering a swollen groin. He was discharged from hospital on 25th   November 1918 and sent to a Rest Camp.

He was sent to Cairo on 28th November 1918, on 14 days leave.  He returned to Port Said from leave on 13th December 1918.

On 14th December 1918 Trooper Carr was admitted to the 2nd Australian Stationary Hospital sick. He was transferred to the 14th General Hospital at Abbassia on 3rd March 1919. He was discharged from hospital on 22nd March 1919.

On 23rd of March 1919 Trooper Carr marched out with  “Olden’s Force”,  a contingent  of 400 Australians led by Lieutenant-Colonel Olden, tasked with suppressing an Egyptian nationalist rebellion, which ‘moved up the Nile to engage a large rebel concentration at Bedrasheen’.[3]

On 8th April 1919 Trooper Carr was admitted to the 14th Australian General Hospital at Abbassia suffering from ulcers of the abdominal wall. He was discharged to a Rest Camp at Port Said on 17th April 1919.

Trooper Carr departed Port Said, Egypt, aboard the H.T. Dorset on 29th April 1919, commencing his return to Australia for medical discharge (ulcers).

He arrived in Australia on 11th June 1919.  He was discharged medically unfit on 26th July 1919.

Trooper A. J. Carr was one of a number of returned soldiers who was named in the Wellington Times on 27th November 1919, who were to be welcomed home to Wellington and presented with a gold medal. After a concert programme, over 200 gold medals were presented to local returned soldiers before a large crowd at the Skating Rink in Wellington on Wednesday night, 3rd December 1919. They then adjourned to the Oddfellows Hall for light refreshments, and dancing.[4]

[1] NAA: B2455, CARR A J

[2] Australia War Memorial. First World War Embarkation Roll, Alfred James Carr, HMAT Pera A4, 22nd March 1916. Note his address is misspelt as ‘Manghan’ Street.

[3] Ian Jones, ‘Olden, Arthur Charles (1881–1949)’, Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/olden-arthur-charles-7899/text13735, published first in hardcopy 1988, accessed online 13 October 2018.

[4] WELLINGTON WELCOME HOME. (1919, November 27). Wellington Times (NSW : 1899 – 1954), p. 4. Retrieved October 13, 2018, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article141615694 ; WELCOME HOME TO SOLDIERS. (1919, December 4). Wellington Times (NSW : 1899 – 1954), p. 4. Retrieved October 13, 2018, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article141610945

 

TIMELINE October 1918

TIMELINE October 1918

Tuesday, 1 October 1918

Private John William THOMPSON  (54th Battalion) was admitted to the 4th General Hospital at Camiers, France, following being wounded in action for the 2nd time on 29th September, receiving a gunshot wound to his left hand.

Saturday, 12 October 1918

Private John William THOMPSON  (54th Battalion) was placed aboard a hospital ship for evacuation to England – he was admitted to the Ontario Military Hospital at Oplington, England, later that day.

Saturday, 19 October 1918

Private George EAVERS  (4th Pioneer Battalion) was discharged medically unfit.

Tuesday, 29 October 1918

Private John William THOMPSON  (54th Battalion) was discharged from hospital and granted leave, to report to the No. 4 Command Depot  on 12th November at Hurdcott, England.

TIMELINE September 1918

TIMELINE September 1918

Sunday, 1 September 1918

Corporal John MARTIN  (54th Battalion) was killed in action during the successful assault on Peronne, France – he was buried in Peronne Communal Cemetery Extension, at Peronne, France.

John Martin’s headstone at Peronne Communal Cemetery Extension, France (Photograph: S. & H. Thompson, 9/9/2016)

Private Jacob Isak PALMGREN  (34th Battalion) who had been  wounded in action for a second time in France with a gunshot wound to his nose on 31st August 1918, was admitted to the 2nd General Hospital in Le Havre, France, then was transferred to the No. 1 Convalescent Depot at Le Havre on 7th September 1918.

Tuesday, 3 September 1918

Second Lieutenant Thomas Walter DOWD (2nd Australian Machine Gun Battalion) was wounded in action with a gunshot wound to the face and hands.  He was admitted to the 5th Field Ambulance suffering shrapnel wounds to the face and hand. He was moved back to the 53rd Casualty Clearing Station, then to the 20th General Hospital, at Camiers, France.

Lance Corporal William John SHANNON (4th Pioneer Battalion) was discharged medically unfit [Hallux Valgus].

Friday, 6 September 1918

Private Alfred WARDROP  (45th Battalion) was discharged medically unfit [amputation left leg].

Alfred Wardrop (Courtesy of Gary Wardrop)

Thursday, 12 September 1918

Private Jacob Isak PALMGREN  (34th Battalion) was discharged from No. 1 Convalescent Depot at Le Havre.

Wednesday, 18 September 1918

Private Bernard COYTE (13th Battalion) was killed in action during an attack launched by the 13th Battalion on the German lines south of the village of Le Verguier, France – he was buried at the nearby Jean Court Communal Cemetery Extesion.

Bernard Coyte, ca. 1915 (Photograph: Australian War Memorial P09199.001)

Private B. Coyte’s headstone at Jeancourt Communal Cemetery Extension, France (Photograph: S. & H. Thompson, 9/9/2016)

Gunner  James TAYLOR (4th Field Artillery Brigade) was wounded in action with  gunshot wounds to his thighs – he was moved back to an Australian Field Ambulance, then to the 20th Casualty Clearing Station. He was then placed aboard the 3rd Ambulance Train and moved to a hospital in Rouen France, where he was admitted on 19th September 1918.

Sergeant James Gerald CAMERON (45th Battalion) for his action on this day during an attack west of Bellenglise in France, was subsequently awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal.

James Gerald Cameron (Photograph courtesy of his grandson Dennis Richards)

Private Edgar Lewis CUDDEFORD (45th Battalion) for his action on this day as a runner during an attack in the vicinity of Le Verguier in France, was subsequently awarded the Military Medal.

Friday, 20 September 1918

Second Lieutenant Thomas Walter DOWD (2nd Australian Machine Gun Battalion) was discharged from the 20th General Hospital, at Camiers, France.

Saturday, 21 September 1918

Gunner James TAYLOR (4th Field Artillery Brigade) was placed aboard a hospital ship for evacuation to England.

Sunday, 22 September 1918

Gunner James TAYLOR (4th Field Artillery Brigade) was admitted to the Alexandria Hospital at Cosham, England, with a severe gunshot wound to the thigh.

Monday, 23 September 1918

Private William Laurence HUNT (45th Battalion) departed England aboard the H.M.A.T. Runic for return to Australia for medical discharge.

Bill and Jack Hunt (Photograph courtesy of Iain and Judy Macdonald)

Friday, 27 September 1918

Private George DAVIDSON  (4th Pioneer Battalion) was discharged medically unfit [deformity to the left elbow].

Saturday, 28 September 1918

Private Percy Frederick COOPER  (45th Battalion) was promoted to Lance Corporal.

Sunday, 29 September 1918

Private John William THOMPSON  (54th Battalion) was wounded in action in France for a second time with a gunshot wound to his left hand – he was sent to a Field Ambulance, then to the 30th Casualty Clearing Station.

James TAYLOR

James TAYLOR

Per his military service record (regimental no. 2253), James Taylor was born at Shadforth, N.S.W.[1] He gave his age as 21 years and 4 months, his marital status as single, and his occupation as labourer. His description on his Certificate of Medical Examination was height 5 feet 5 inches tall, weight 10 stone 4 lbs., with a dark complexion, brown eyes, and brown hair. His religious denomination was Church of England. He claimed that he had no previous military service.

The Wellington Times named ‘James Taylor, son of Mr. Taylor, of the cyanide works’ as one of six recruits who ‘handed in their names’ after a recruiting address was given at Bodangora by Private W. J. Johnson (who was also the Mayor of Auburn), who was accompanying the Coo-ees from Wellington to Orange to assist with the recruiting speeches.[2] He was one of three recruits (along with Leslie J. Sullivan), who were driven in to Wellington the next morning to join the Coo-ees.[3]

James Taylor completed his medical examination at Wellington on 16th October 1915 (the day the Coo-ees arrived at Wellington. It appears that James Taylor decided to go home to Shadforth near Orange first before joining the Coo-ee March, as written on the top of the first page in his service record is that he ‘Presented himself at Orange 25/10/15’.[4]

‘James Taylor (Shadforth)’ was named with three other men in the Leader on 22nd October 1915 as having ‘volunteered to join in the Coo-ee march as recruits when they arrive in Orange’.[5]

He was attested by Captain T. A. Nicholas at Orange on 25th October 1915 (the day the Coo-ees marched from Orange to Millthorpe).

After completing the Coo-ee March he went to Liverpool Camp and joined the 15th reinforcements for the 1st Light Horse Regiment.

The Wellington Times reported that at a farewell held for Trooper Leslie Sullivan at Bodangora on 7th February 1916, he  was entrusted  with a ‘fountain pen in a silver case’ to give to ‘Trooper Jimmy Taylor’, who had enlisted  with him from Bodangora.[6]

The Leader reported that Private Taylor was given a send-off at Shadforth in early February 1916, where ‘he was presented with a gold wristlet watch and a safety razor, as a token of esteem and good will of the people of Shadforth’.[7]

On his embarkation roll his address at time of enrolment was Shadforth, via Lucknow, N.S.W.[8] His next of kin was listed as his father, John Taylor, at the same address.

On 21st March 1916 Trooper Taylor departed Sydney on the HMAT A26 Armadale with the 15th reinforcements for the 1st Light Horse Regiment.

After arriving in Egypt, he was taken on strength of the 1st Light Horse Training Regiment on 24th April 1916 at Tel-el-Kebir.

On 15th May 1916 Trooper Taylor was transferred to the Artillery Details at Tel-el-Kebir, Egypt.

On 28th May 1916 Gunner Taylor left Alexandria aboard the H.M.T. Corscian, bound for England.  He arrived at Plymouth on 12th June 1916.

On 29th June 1916 Gunner Taylor left Southampton aboard the tansport Duchess of Argyll, bound for France.  He disembarked at Rouen on 30th June 1916. He was attached to the 4th Division Ammunition Sub-Park.  He was transferred to this unit on 15th November 1916.

On 10th August 1917 Gunner Taylor was sent to the 15th Corps Rest Station with an injury to his knee. He re-joined his unit on 15th August 1917.

On 22nd September 1917 Gunner Taylor was granted leave to England. He returned from leave on 4th October 1917.

On 8th October 1917 Gunner Taylor was admitted to the 18th Casualty Clearing Station sick. On 11th October 1917 he was sent to the 7th Convalescent Depot at Boulogne, France. On 13th October 1917 he was transferred to the 39th General Hospital.

He was discharged from hospital on 10th January 1918, and sent to the Base Depot at Le Harve, France.

On 24th January 1918 Gunner Taylor marched out to join the 6th Army Brigade Australian Field Artillery Park Section, which he joined on 27th January 1918.

On 27th June 1918 Gunner Taylor was transferred to the 11th Battery  4th Australian Field Artillery Brigade.

On 18th September 1918 Gunner Taylor was wounded in action in France receiving  gunshot wounds to both thighs. He was moved back to an Australian Field Ambulance, then to the 20th Casualty Clearing Station, where he was placed aboard the 3rd Ambulance Train. He was admitted to a hospital at Rouen on 19th September 1918.

On 21st September 1918 he was placed aboard a hospital ship for evacuation to England. On 22nd of September 1918 he was admitted to the Alexandra Hospital at Cosham, England, with a severe gunshot wound to the thigh.

On 12th November 1918 he was transferred to the 3rd Australian Auxiliary Hospital at Dartford, England. He was discharged from hospital on 15th November 1918, and granted leave to report to the No. 1 Command Depot at Perham Downs, England, on 29th November 1918.

On 14th January 1919 Gunner Taylor left England on the H.T. City of York, bound for Australia.

He arrived in Australia on 27th February 1919.

He missed a welcome home that had been held for him and another local soldier on Friday evening, 7th March 1919, when ‘many Shadforth and Millthorpe residents assembled at the local railway station’ to greet them both, as he had been ‘detained in hospital’.[9]

The Leader reported on 12th March 1919 that ‘Private James Taylor arrived home last week unexpectedly’, and had been ‘in town’ and ‘looks well, although he says he has had some very rough experiences, but, now that he is back, he has no complaints’.[10]

He was discharged medically unfit on 9th May 1919.

 

[1] NAA: B2455, TAYLOR J

[2] DISTRICT NEWS. Bodangora. (1915, October 21). Wellington Times (NSW : 1899 – 1954), p. 5. Retrieved July 15, 2018, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article143396661

[3] DISTRICT NEWS. Bodangora. (1915, October 21). Wellington Times (NSW : 1899 – 1954), p. 5. Retrieved July 15, 2018, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article143396661

[4] NAA: B2455, TAYLOR J

[5] RECRUITS FOR THE COO-EES (1915, October 22). Leader (Orange, NSW : 1912 – 1922), p. 6. Retrieved February 28, 2016, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article117842491

[6] SEND OFF TO TROOPER LESLIE SULLIVAN. (1916, February 10). Wellington Times (NSW : 1899 – 1954), p. 7. Retrieved July 29, 2018, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article143392079

[7] Millthorpe News, Send-off to Pte. J. Taylor’,  Leader, 11 February 1916, p. 6, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article117790612

[8] Australia War Memorial. First World War Embarkation Roll, James Taylor, HMAT Armadate A26, 21st March 1916.

[9] PRIVATE HUSSELL RODWELL BACK HOME. (1919, March 10). Leader (Orange, NSW : 1912 – 1922), p. 6. Retrieved July 29, 2018, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article117856581

[10] PERSONAL. (1919, March 12). Leader (Orange, NSW : 1912 – 1922), p. 3. Retrieved July 29, 2018, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article117856700

 

TIMELINE August 1918

TIMELINE August 1918

Thursday, 1 August 1918

Lance Corporal William John SHANNON  (4th Pioneer Battalion) arrived in Australia aboard the H.M.A.T. Essex for medical discharge.

Private George EAVERS  (4th Pioneer Battalion) arrived in Australia aboard the H.M.A.T. Essex for medical discharge.

Saturday, 3 August 1918

Private William Charles ELLERY  (45th Battalion) was discharged medically unfit [chronic rheumatic arthritis].

Sunday, 11 August 1918

Corporal Alfred Fletcher MCLEAN (2nd Divisional Artillery Column) was wounded in action near Warfusee-Abancourt in France  with a gunshot wound to his neck. He was sent to the 5th Australian Field Ambulance.

Monday, 12 August 1918

Corporal Alfred Fletcher MCLEAN (2nd Divisional Artillery Column) was admitted to the 55th Casualty Clearing Station.

Tuesday, 13 August 1918

Corporal Alfred Fletcher MCLEAN (2nd Divisional Artillery Column) was admitted to the No. 11 Stationary Hospital at Rouen, France.

Private William CAIRNS  (13th Battalion) was discharged in Sydney medically unfit [trachoma].

Monday, 19 August 1918

Corporal Alfred Fletcher MCLEAN (2nd Divisional Artillery Column) was evacuated to England on a hospital ship.

Private Albert DENZEL (45th Battalion) for his action manning a Lewis gun in the vicinity of Lihons, France, was subsequently awarded a Military Medal.

Tuesday, 20 August 1918

Corporal Alfred Fletcher MCLEAN (2nd Divisional Artillery Column) was admitted to the Bath War Hospital in England.

Wednesday, 21 August 1918

Private William Allan Luther PHILPOTT  (69 Squadron Australian Flying Corps) was discharged medically unfit [D.A.H.].

Private William Henry GRIFFITHS  (Australian Motor Transport Service) married Miss Kathleen Spires at Christ Church, Chelsea, England.

Friday, 23 August 1918

Private Jacob Isak PALMGREN (34th Battalion) was slightly wounded in action when the 34th Battalion was in the line near Vaire-sous-Corbie, France. He remained on duty with the Battalion.

Saturday, 31 August 1918

Private Jacob Isak PALMGREN (34th Battalion) was wounded in action for a second time with a gunshot wound to his nose, when the 34th Battalion was attacking along the Somme River between Bray and Curlu, France.  He was admitted to the 53rd Casualty Clearing Station.

Henry PERRY

Henry PERRY

Per his military service record (Depot), Henry Perry was born at Surrey, England.[1]  He gave his age as 44 years, his marital status as single, and his occupation as labourer. His description on his Certificate of Medical Examination was 5 feet 9 inches tall, weight 10 stone 10 lbs., with a dark complexion, blue eyes, and dark hair. His religious denomination was Church of England. He claimed that he had no previous military service.

‘Perry’ was reported in the Wellington Times on 18th October 1915 as one of the men who enlisted with the Coo-ees at Wellington.[2]

He completed his medical examination at Wellington on 16th October 1915 (the day the Coo-ees marched from Geurie to Wellington). He was attested by Captain T. A. Nicholas at Stuart Town on 19th October 1915 (the day the Coo-ees marched from Dripstone to Stuart Town).

After completing the Coo-ee March he went into Liverpool Camp as reinforcement for the 13th Battalion.

Private Perry’s service record reports that he was absent without leave from 18th December 1915 to 12th January 1916.

He was discharged services no longer required on 12th January 1916.

 

[1] NAA: B2455, PERRY HENRY

[2] HITCHEN’S COO-EES. (1915, October 18). Wellington Times (NSW : 1899 – 1954), p. 3. Retrieved March 11, 2018, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article143388424

 

Gordon ROBERTSON

Gordon ROBERTSON

Per his military service record (Depot), Gordon Robertson was born at Gordon, Sydney, N.S.W.[1]  He gave his age as 18 years and 7 months, his marital status as single, and his occupation as labourer. His description on his Certificate of Medical Examination was 5 feet 5 inches tall, weight 8 stone 10 lbs., with a fresh complexion, blue eyes, and brown hair. His religious denomination was Presbyterian. He claimed that he had no previous military service.

A telegram from his father J. Robertson filed in his service record gave permission for him to join the expeditionary force.

He undertook a preliminary medical examination at Bathurst on 27th October 1915. He was attested by Captain A. C. Eade at Bathurst on 28th October 1915 (the day the Coo-ees marched from Bathampton to Bathurst). He completed his medical examination at Liverpool on 13th November 1915.

After the Coo-ee March he went into Liverpool Camp as reinforcement for the 13th Battalion.

On 21st January 1916 Private Robertson was charged with being absent without leave on 3rd and 12th January 1916. He was fined 10 shillings.

On 16th February 1916 Private Roberston went before a civil court charged with riotous behaviour and malicious damage. He was fined £11/2/6.

The Evening News reported on 16th February 1916 that he had been charged at the Sydney Water Police Court with throwing stones at the German Club, and breaking one of the windows, about 8 o’clock the previous Monday night.[2]

He was discharged services no longer required on 13th March 1916.

 

[1] NAA: B2455, ROBERTSON GORDON

[2] “DISGRACE TO AUSTRALIA.” (1916, February 16). Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 – 1931), p. 5. Retrieved July 14, 2018, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article115845706

 

 

 

 

Albert DENZEL

Albert DENZEL (MM)

Per his military service record (regimental no. 4765), Albert Denzel was born at North Parramatta, N.S.W.[1]  He gave his age as 18 years and 5 months, his marital status as single, and his occupation as labourer.  His description on his Certificate of Medical Examination form was height 5 feet 7 inches tall, weight 132 lbs., with a fair complexion, grey eyes, and brown hair. His religious denomination was Church of England.  He claimed to have 4 years universal military training [cadets] and was still serving.

He completed his medical examination on 11th November 1915 at Parramatta, and was attested by Lieutenant R. Howe at Parramatta (the day the Coo-ees marched from Parramatta to Ashfield).

A note from his mother Mrs Matilda Denzel in his file gave permission for her son to train in the Imperial Force.

After completing the Coo-ee March he went to Liverpool Camp as reinforcement for the 13th Battalion.

On his embarkation roll his address at time of enrolment was Wentworth Street, Parramatta, N.S.W., and his next of kin is listed as his mother, Mrs. M. Denzel, at the same address.[2]

After completing the Coo-ee March he went to Liverpool Camp as reinforcement for the 13th Battalion.

On 8th March 1916 Private Denzel departed Sydney on the HMAT A15 Star of England, along with many of the other Coo-ees, with the 15th reinforcements for the 13th Battalion.

Troopship HMAT A15 Star of England. Australian War Memorial Collection AWM H17014.

He arrived in Egypt on 11th April 1916.

On 19th April 1916 he was transferred to the 45th Battalion in Egypt.

On 2nd June 1916 Private Denzel left Alexandria aboard the transport Kinfauns Castle bound for France.  He arrived at Marseilles on 8th June 1916.

Private Denzel served with the 45th Battalion through its first action at Fleurbaix, France in July 1916, then through the battles around Pozieres and Mouquet Farm in August, September and October 1916.

On 13th January 1917 the 45th Battalion was in the front line in the vicinity of  Guedecourt, France, when Private Denzel was charged with neglecting to obey an order of a NCO.[3] He was awarded 28 days Field Punishment No. 2.

On 21st September 1917 Private Denzel went to England on leave. On 25th September 1917 he was admitted to hospital with influenza in Edinburgh, Scotland, while still on leave. He returned to the 45th Battalion in France after being discharged from hospital.

On 30th November 1917 Private Denzel was detached for duty with the 12th Australian Light Trench Mortar Battery. He re-joined the 45th Battalion on 27th December 1917 whilst it was training at Haut Allaines, France.[4]

On 19th August 1918 the 45th Battalion was in the front line in the vicinity of Lihons, France, when Private Denzel participated in an action for which he was later awarded the Military Medal.[5]

His recommendation for a Military Medal, dated 24th August 1918, is included in his service record, and reads:

‘For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty near Lihons S. of Villers-Bretonneux  on 19.8.18. at 8.30 p.m. The enemy attacked the Canadians on our right flank. This soldier was a member of a Lewis Gun team and after the No. 1 had been killed he took charge of the gun. In spite of a heavy M. G. and Art. barrage he daringly occupied a commanding position. Using his gun with remarkable skill and initiative he succeeded in enfilading the enemy’s right flank causing many casualties among the attacking enemy force. The promptness and fine fighting spirit shown by Private Denzel set a splendid example to the men about him.’[6]

On 7th September 1918 Private Denzel went on leave to England. He re-joined the 45th Battalion on 24th September 1918, which on that day moved from Assevillers to Pissy, France.[7]

On 29th December 1918 he was appointed as a temporary driver.

On 23rd February 1919 Temporary Driver Denzel left the 45th Battalion for the Australian Base Depot at Le Harve, to commence his return to Australia.

On 13th March 1919 he departed Le Harve, bound for England. He arrived at Weymouth on 14th March 1919, and marched into the No. 4 Command Depot at Hurdcott, England.

On 12th April 1919 Temporary Driver Denzel was admitted to the 2nd Camp Hospital for observation. He was discharged on 14th April 1919.

Temporary Driver Denzel departed Devonport aboard the Transport China on 1st May 1919.

Notification of Private Denzel’s  Military Medal award was gazetted in Second Supplement No. 31338 to The London Gazette, 13th May 1919 (page 10585), and was also published in the Commonwealth of Australia Gazette, No. 109, dated 15th September, 1919.[8]

He arrived in Sydney on 11th June 1919.

He was discharged Termination of Period of Enlistment on 26th July 1919.

 

[1] NAA B2455, DENZEL A

[2] Australia War Memorial. First World War Embarkation Roll, Albert Denzel, HMAT Star of England A15, 8th March 1916.

[3] Australian Imperial Force unit war diaries, 1914-18 War, AWM4 Subclass 23/62 – 45th Infantry Battalion, AWM4 23/62/11 – January 1917.

[4] Australian Imperial Force unit war diaries, 1914-18 War, AWM4 Subclass 23/62 – 45th Infantry Battalion, AWM4 23/62/22– December 1917.

[5] Australian Imperial Force unit war diaries, 1914-18 War, AWM4 Subclass 23/62 – 45th Infantry Battalion, AWM4 23/62/30 – August 1918.

[6] NAA B2455, DENZEL A

[7] Australian Imperial Force unit war diaries, 1914-18 War, AWM4 Subclass 23/62 – 45th Infantry Battalion, AWM4 23/62/31 – September 1918.

[8] NAA B2455, DENZEL A

Alfred Fletcher MCLEAN

Alfred Fletcher McLEAN

Per his military service record (regimental no. 2217), Alfred Fletcher Mclean was born at Coonamble, N.S.W.[1]  He gave his age as 19 years and 10 months, his marital status as single, and his occupation as farmer. His description on his Certificate of Medical Examination was 6 feet tall, weight 12 stone 10 lbs., with a dark complexion, brown eyes, and dark brown hair. His religious denomination was Presbyterian. He claimed that he had previous military service as a Corporal in the 42nd Infantry.

The consent of both his parents was given on his initial Application to Enlist in the Australian Imperial Force form dated 11th October 1915.

He completed medical on 12th October 1915 at Orange, and was attested at Orange on 12th October 1915.

‘Alfred. F. McLean’ was named in newspaper reports as one of the men who was recruited to join the Coo-ees when they arrived in Orange on 24th October 1915.[2]

After completing the Coo-ee March he went to Liverpool Camp as reinforcement for the 7th Light Horse Regiment.

He was charged with being absent without leave on 7th February 1916.

On his embarkation roll his address at time of enrolment was Cranley, Bloomfield, via Orange N.S.W., and his next of kin is listed as his father, James Fletcher McLean, at the same address.[3]

‘Trooper Alf McLean’ was presented with a wristlet watch by his friends at Bloomfield, prior to his departure back to duty on Monday night, 6th March 1916, when on final leave.[4]

On 11th March 1916, along with fellow Coo-ee Private Joe Billing, he departed Sydney on the HMAT A67 Orsova with the 15th reinforcements for the 7th Light Horse Regiment.

He arrived in Egypt on the 14th April 1916, where he was taken on strength in the 2nd Light Horse Training Regiment at Tel-el-Kebir.

Two days later Trooper McLean was admitted to the Government Hospital at Suez, Egypt, with mumps. He was discharged to duty on 16th April 1916. He re-joined his unit on 19th April 1916.

On 25th May 1916 he transferred to Artillery Details at Tel-el-Kebir, Egypt.

On 28th May 1916 he left Alexandria on the HMT Corsican, bound for England.  He disembarked at Plymouth on 12th June 1916, for further training.

On 16th July 1916 Gunner McLean was admitted sick to Tidworth Hospital at Bulford, England. He was discharged from hospital on 25th July 1916 to the Australian Artillery Training Depot at Parkhouse, England.

On 26th October 1916 he was transferred to the 22nd Field Artillery Brigade (117th Howitzer Battery) at Boynton, England.

On 31st March 1917 Gunner McLean marched into the Reserve Brigade Australian Artillery at Larkhill from Boynton.

On 11th April 1917 Gunner McLean proceeded overseas to France on a transport from Folkstone, England.  He disembarked in Etaples, France, on 12th April 1917.

He marched out to the 2nd Division Artillery on 17th May 1917.  He was taken on strength of the 2nd Divisional Artillery Column the next day.

On 3rd July 1917 he was sent to the 7th Australian Field Ambulance with a hernia. He was admitted to the 56th Casualty Clearing Station the next day. On 7th July 197 he was admitted to the No. 3 Canadian General Hospital at Boulogne, France.  On 9th July 1917 he was moved to the No. 25 General Hospital at Dannes-Camiers, France.

On 27th July 1917 Gunner McLean was evacuated to England on the Hospital Ship Jan Breydel.

On 28th July 1917 he was admitted to the County of Middlesex War Hospital with a slight hernia.

He was given leave from 17th September 1917 to report to the No. 2 Company Depot at Weymouth, England, on 1st October 1917.

On 26th October 1917 Gunner McLean was promoted to Corporal.

On 27th October 1917 Corporal McLean marched out to No. 3 Company.

On 19th January 1918 he marched out to the Overseas Training Brigade.

On 5th March 1918 he marched out to the Reserve Brigade Australian Artillery at Heytesbury, England.

On 13th March 1918 Corporal McLean proceeded overseas to France from Southampton.

On 14th March 1918 he marched into the Australian General Base Depot at Rouelles, France.

On 17th March 1918 Corporal McLean marched out to the 2nd Divisional Artillery Column.

In a letter he sent home to his parents from France that was published in The Leader on 24th June 1918, he wrote:

“We are so often on the move now and letter writing is very hard. Five or six days ago we were very comfortably quartered in a very fine billet. You cannot imagine how comfortable we were. We have a find spring-mattress for two, stove, plates, dishes, cooking utensils, and what is better still, plenty to cook. As it was evacuated country, there were plenty of fowls and pigeons, with a stray calf or a sheep or two. Then there was plenty of fish in the river, so we used to have fish for breakfast and dinner, varied with pigeons, rabbits, and fowls. Tea  was much the same – and still men will say there is a war going on. You would hardly have believed it had you seen our ‘joint’.  But we are much different at present, as we have a tent to live in made of a tarpaulin, with the ends filled in made of all sorts of things, old blankets and horse rugs, so you can imagine the outward aspect. I have christened it ‘The Rook’s Nest,’ and so it is more ways than one. But we are a gay crowd and as happy as birds in May…  The French are great fighters and real hard cases. You would smile to see their transports. A drover’s turn-out is a king to them. They have bits of rope and wire tied all over the place. But they get there just the same. The French have great faith in the Australians. Since our arrival here more civilians have returned.”[5]

Corporal McLean served with the 2nd Divisional Artillery Column in France until 11th August 1918, when he was wounded in action in the vicinity of Warfusee-Abancourt, with a gunshot wound to his neck.  He was sent to the 5th Australian Field Ambulance. On 12th August 1918 he was admitted to the 55th Casualty Clearing Station. The next day he was admitted to the No. 11 Stationary Hospital at Rouen, France.

On 19th August 1918 he was evacuated to England on a hospital ship. He was admitted to the Bath War Hospital on 20th August 1918.

On 16th September 1918 Corporal McLean was transferred to 3rd Auxiliary Hospital at Dartford, England.

On 20th September 1918 he was discharged from hospital to Littlemoor Camp at Weymouth, England.

On 25th October 1918 he went on leave, to report to No. 1 Command Depot at Sutton Veny on 12th November 1918.

On 13th November 1918 Corporal McLean marched out to No. 2 Command Depot at Weymouth, England. On 26th November he marched into No. 1 Command Depot.

On 14th January 1919 Corporal McLean commenced his return to Australia on H.T. City of York, for medical discharge.

He disembarked in Sydney on 5th March 1919.

He was one of four local soldiers who was welcomed home to Bloomfield on Saturday night, 29th March 1919, where there was ‘a very enthusiastic gathering of about 250 of the residents to do honor to the boys’, with a ‘musical programme contributed to by all the local talent, but largely choruses of school children’, which was ‘followed by speeches of welcome and a first class supper’.[6]

He was discharged medically unfit on 12th September 1919

 

[1] NAA: B2455, MCLEAN A F

[2] RECRUITS FOR THE COO.EES (1915, October 22). Leader (Orange, NSW : 1912 – 1922), p. 6. Retrieved February 28, 2016, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article117842491

[3] Australian War Memorial. First World War Embarkation Roll, Alfred Fletcher McLean, HMAT Orsova A67, 11th March 1916.

[4] DEPARTING SOLDIER HONORED. (1916, March 8). Leader (Orange, NSW : 1912 – 1922), p. 2. Retrieved July 7, 2018, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article117791809

[5] BEFORE AND AFTER THE PUSH. (1918, June 24). Leader (Orange, NSW : 1912 – 1922), p. 6. Retrieved July 7, 2018, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article100965641

[6] Personal (1919, April 2). Leader (Orange, NSW : 1912 – 1922), p. 1. Retrieved February 11, 2018, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article117870410

 

TIMELINE July 1918

TIMELINE July 1918

Friday, 5 July 1918

Private Thomas ANDERSON (13th Battalion) was discharged medically unfit [ankylosis right thumb].

Sunday, 7 July 1918

Private George EAVERS  (4th Pioneer Battalion) departed England aboard the transport Essex for return to Australia for medical discharge.

Wednesday, 10 July 1918

Lance James MAHER  (45th Battalion) was discharged medically unfit gunshot wound to his left ankle [tarsus C. fracture].

James Maher, 1915 (Photograph courtesy of L. Leo)

Sunday, 14 July 1918

Private Frank BLACK  (42nd Battalion) was discharged medically unfit [chronic rheumatism].

Monday, 15 July 1918

Corporal Lewis Reginald DUFF  (45th Battalion) was promoted to Sergeant.

Saturday, 20 July 1918

Private Sidney Stanley CANNON  (4th Pioneer Battalion) was discharged medically unfit [gunshot wound, right ankle debility and tachycardia].

Private Sidney Stanley Cannon (Cumberland Argus and Fruitgrowers Advocate, 7/7/1917)

Friday, 26 July 1918

Lance Corporal John Graham WATSON  (13th Battalion) was discharged medically unfit [nephritis gas poisoning].