Tag Archives: Wellington recruits

Clarence William STEWART

Clarence William STEWART

Per his military service record (5222), Clarence William Stewart was born at Hargraves, N.S.W.[1]  He gave his age as 21 years, his marital status as single, and his occupation as labourer.  His description on his Certificate of medical examination was height 5 feet 6 inches tall, weight 151 lbs, with a fair complexion, brown eyes, and brown hair.  His religious denomination was Roman Catholic.  His next of kin on his Attestation paper was recorded as his mother, Mrs Mary Stewart, Hargraves, N.S.W.

He completed his medical examination at Wellington on 25th October 1915, (7 days after the Coo-ees had left that town), then travelled to Blayney to catch up with the Coo-ees.  He was attested by Captain Eade at Blayney on 26th October 1915.  He claimed to have no previous military experience.

‘C. W. Stewart’ was named in the Bathurst Times as one of the Wellington recruits that joined the Coo-ees at Blayney on 26th October 1915.[2]

After completing the Coo-ee March he went to Liverpool Camp as reinforcement for the 13th Battalion.

On 2nd February 1916 Private Stewart was charged with being absent without leave for 6 days. He was fined 30 shillings.

On 7th February 1916 Private Stewart was charged with being absent from special picquet. He was fined 10 shillings.

On 22nd February 1916 Private Stewart was charged with being absent from parade. He was fined 5 shillings.

His mother sent a letter  dated 29th March 1916 requesting her underage son be discharged from the A.I.F., in which she stated: ‘’In reference to my son Clarrie … I now find it my absolute duty to ask you, please, to discharge him at once as it is a case of necessity I cannot allow him to stay in any longer. If at any time when he is twenty one, he has the same patriotic feelings, he may, with my consent, re-enlist”.[3]

A copy of his birth certificate was also provided, dated 28th March 1916, which showed that his date of birth was 17th October 1897.[4] Clarence William Stewart therefore had only been 18 years and 9 days old when he enlisted on 26th October 1915 (and not 21 years of age as stated on his Attestation paper).

On 7th April 1916 Private Stewart was discharged at his mother’s request.

 

[1] NAA: B2455, STEWART C W

[2] ‘Western news’, The Bathurst Times,  27 October 1915,  p. 3. Retrieved January 3, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article111244211

[3] NAA: B2455, STEWART C W, letter to O.C., A Company, 13 Battalion, from M. Stewart, 29 March 1916.

[4] NAA: B2455, STEWART C W, Birth Certificate.

Daniel LYNCH

Daniel LYNCH

Per his military service record (regimental no. 5403), Daniel Lynch was born at Orange, N.S.W.[1]  He gave his age as 44 years and 3 months (although he appears to have been much older), his marital status as married, and his occupation as telegraph linesman.  His description on his Certificate of Medical Examination was height 6 feet 2 inches tall (so he was one of the tallest of the Coo-ees), weight 12 stone, with a fair complexion, blue eyes, and dark hair.  His religious denomination was Roman Catholic.  He claimed that he had no previous military service.  He completed his medical examination on 16th October 1915 at Wellington (while the Coo-ees were at Wellington), and was attested by Captain Nicholas at Stuart Town on 19th October 1915.

He was named (as “Lynch, D”) in the Wellington Times as one of the men who enlisted with the Coo-ees at Wellington.[2]

After completing the Coo-ee March he went to Liverpool Camp as 15th reinforcement for the 13th Battalion.

Whilst at the Liverpool Camp Private Lynch was charged with using obscene language to an NCO.  He was fined 1 Pound.  He was also absent without leave from the Liverpool Camp from the 18th to 31st January 1916, and from 1st to the 8th February 1916, a total of 22 days.

Private Lynch was involved in hearing at the Central Police Court on 25th January 1916, followed by a court case on 6th March 1916 at the Darlinghurst Quarter Sessions, in which another Coo-ee was charged with, and subsequently found guilty of, having assaulted him at Central Railway Station about midnight on January 16th 1916, and robbed him of two pounds.[3]

Private Lynch was transferred to 17th Reinforcement for the 13th Battalion in early 1916.

On his embarkation roll his address at time of enrolment was Percy Street, Wellington, N.S.W., and his next of kin is listed as his wife, Mrs M. E. [Mary Ellen] Lynch, at the same address.

On 9th April 1916 Private Lynch departed Sydney on the HMAT Nestor A71 (along with several other Coo-ees), bound for Egypt.

Photograph of HMAT A71 Nestor loaded with troops on an earlier voyage, taken 11 October 1915.  Part of the Australian War Memorial Collection. PB0607.

Photograph of HMAT A71 Nestor loaded with troops on an earlier voyage, taken 11 October 1915. Part of the Australian War Memorial Collection. PB0607.

On the 5th of June 1916 he was admitted to the 3rd Australian General Hospital at Abbassia, Egypt with injured ribs.  He was discharged on 20th June 1916.

On 2nd August 1916 Private Lynch was charged with being absent without leave from 1700 parade at Tel-el-Kebir.  He was awarded 3 days field punishment number 2.

On 6th August 1916 Private Lynch departed Egypt bound for England aboard the Transport Megantic.

On 22nd September 1916 Private Lynch departed the 4th Training Battalion in England bound for France.

He marched into the 4th Australian Division Base Depot at Etaples, France, on 24th September 1916.

A few weeks later, on 15th October 1916 Private Lynch was admitted to the 26th General Hospital at Etaples, France, suffering Rheumatism.

On 23rd October 1916 Private Lynch was placed aboard the Hospital Ship Stad Antwerpen at Boulogne, for transfer to England.  He was admitted to the Western Heights Military Hospital at Dover later that day.

On 30th October 1916 Private Lynch was transferred to the 3rd Australian Auxiliary Hospital at Dartford, England, with Myalgia.  A Medical Report of an Invalid form dated 1st November 1916 at this hospital in his service record listed his ‘true age’ as 51 years. (If this was his correct age at that time, it means he would actually have been about 50 years of age when he enlisted with the Coo-ees).

On 12th November 1916 Private Lynch was discharged and marched into the Number 2 Command Depot at Weymouth, England.

On 12th March 1917 Private Lynch was charged with being absent without leave in London from 2nd March 1917 till apprehended by the Military Police on 8th March 1917.  He was awarded 7 days confined to barracks and fined 7 days pay.

On 17th March 1917 Private Lynch departed England from Plymouth aboard the H.T. Beltana bound for Australia, for discharge over age and debility.

He arrived in Sydney on 15th May 1917.  Private Lynch was discharged medically unfit on 11th June 1917.

[1] NAA: B2455, LYNCH DANIEL

[2] ‘Hitchen’s Coo-ees’, Wellington Times, 18 October 1915, p. 3. Retrieved March 1, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article143388424

[3] ‘Soldier Charged’, The Sydney Morning Herald, 26 January 1916, p. 6. Retrieved March 1, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article28782852  ;’Coo-ees in a Brawl’, The Sun, 6 March 1916, p. 5 (Final Extra). Retrieved March 1, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article221356476

David James O’ROURKE

David James O’ROURKE

David James O'Rourke. Photograph courtesy of Warren O'Rourke.

David James O’Rourke (Photograph courtesy of Warren O’Rourke)

Per his military service record (regimental no. 2043), David James O’Rourke was born at Mudgee, N.S.W.[1]  He gave his age as 18 years and 4 months [though he was much younger], his marital status as single, and his occupation as labourer.  His mother Mrs Harriet Ann Lonergan signed the consent of parents or guardians section on his initial Application to enlist in the Australian Imperial Force form.  His description on his Certificate of medical examination was height 5 feet 8 inches tall, weight 155 lbs., with a fair complexion, brown eyes, and auburn hair.  His religious denomination was Roman Catholic.

He completed his medical examination at Wellington on 18th October 1915 (when the Coo-ees were at Wellington), and was attested by Captain Nicholas at Stuart Town on 19th October 1915.  He claimed he had no previous military service.

After completing the march he went to Menangle Park Camp as reinforcement for the 1st Light Horse Regiment.

On 1st June 1916 he was reallocated as a reinforcement for the 12th Light Horse Regiment.

On his embarkation roll his address as time of enrolment was Arthur Street, Wellington, N.S.W., and his next of kin is listed as his mother, Mrs Harriet Ann Lonergan, at the same address.

Trooper O’Rourke departed Melbourne on the HMAT A6 Clan Maccorquodale on 19th September 1916, with the 13th Reinforcements for the 12th Light Horse Regiment.

He arrived at Suez, Egypt, on 19th October 1916.  The next day, Trooper O’Rourke was sent to the Isolation Camp at Moascar.

On 12th November 1916 he marched into the 2nd Light Horse Training Regiment at Moascar.

On 24th February 1917 he was transferred to the 4th Light Horse Training Regiment.

On 15th March 1917 he was taken on strength of the 12th Light Horse Regiment whilst it was conducting training at Ferry Post, Egypt.

The following month, he was with the 12th Light Horse Regiment when it was involved in the Second Battle of Gaza 17th-19th April 1917.

On 26th August 1917 Trooper O’Rourke was detached to conduct guard duties at Khan Yunis.

On 29th August 1917 he was sent to the 65th Casualty Clearing Station with a septic throat.

On 6th of September 1917 he was transferred to the 24th Stationary Hospital with tonsillitis.

On 10th September 1917 he was admitted to the 14th Australian General Hospital at Abbassia, Egypt, with tonsillitis.

Trooper O’Rourke was discharged from hospital on 1st October 1917, and marched into the 2nd Light Horse Training Regiment on 2nd October 1917.

He rejoined the 12th Light Horse Regiment on 25th October 1917 when it was at Fara, preparing for the Battle of Beersheba.  Trooper O’Rourke was with the 12th Light Horse Regiment when it participated in the Charge of Beersheba on 31st October 1917.  Casualties for the 12th Light Horse Regiment were reported in the Regiment’s War Diary the next day as as 20 men killed, 19 men wounded, 44 horses killed, and 60 horses wounded.[2]

The Wellington Times reported that his mother Mrs H. A. Lonergan was ‘in receipt of a cable from her son, Trooper David O’Rourke, stating that he had gone safely through the recent big battle in Palestine, and was quite well’, and that Trooper O’Rourke was ‘only 18’.[3]

On 2nd April 1918 the 12th Light Horse Regiment was at Jaffa where Trooper O’Rourke was part of a watering party, leading three horses, when a horse in front of him kicked him in the left knee, which caused a contusion of the femur & tibia with much swelling.  Trooper O’Rourke was sent to 4th Light Horse Field Ambulance, then on 3rd April 1918 to the 43rd Stationary Hospital.

On 5th April 1918 he was moved to the 44th Stationary Hospital at Kantara.  On 6th April 1918 he was transferred to the 14th Australian General Hospital at Port Said.

On 12th June 1918 Trooper O’Rourke was discharged from hospital, with a Medical Board classification of B3, due to his injured knee.  On 19th June 1918 he was assigned to duties at the Depot Stores at Gezira.

On 16th September 1918 Trooper O’Rourke was admitted to the 31st General Hospital at Cairo sick. He was transferred to a Convalescent Hospital at Helouan on 12th December 1918.

He rejoined the Depot Stores on 25th January 1919.

On 2nd August 1919 Trooper O’Rourke departed Kantara, to commence his return to Australia aboard the H.T. Delta.  He arrived in Australia on 3rd September 1919.

The Freeman’s Journal reported on 11th September 1919 that his mother Mrs T. Lonergan ‘has received word that her son, Trooper D. J. O’Rourke, was expected to arrive at Melbourne this week. Trooper O’Rourke was one of the youngest members who left with the Coo-ees, being only sixteen years and four months when he enlisted.  He went over with 12th Light Horse and saw 4 years service with them in Egypt and Palestine.  He came through all the engagements safe and sound, though he had some narrow escapes, his horse being shot from beneath him on one occasion’.[4]

He was discharged Termination of Period of Enlistment on 19th October 1919.

[1] NAA: B2455, O’ROURKE DAVID JAMES

[2] AWM4 10/17/9 – October 1917, Australian Imperial Force unit war diaries, 1914-18 War, 12th Australian Light Horse Regiment.

[3] ‘Personal Pars’, Wellington Times, 26 November 1917, p. 2. Retrieved September 13, 2015, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article137413032

[4] ‘The gossip of the week : round about Australia’, Freeman’s Journal, 11 September 1919, p. 23. Retrieved April 28, 2015, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page13246397

 

William COLLYER

William COLLYER

Per his military service record (regimental no. 4752), William Collyer was born at Wongarbon, N.S.W.[1] He gave his age as 19 years and 3 months, his marital status as single, and his occupation as butcher. (He was the son of Thomas William Collyer and Flora Collyer). [2] His description on his medical was height 5 feet 8 ½ inches tall, weight 10 stone 10 lbs., with a fair complexion, blue eyes, and fair hair. His religious denomination was Church of England. He completed his certificate of medical examination on the 17th October 1915 at Wellington (while the Coo-ees were at Wellington). However he was not attested until 24th October 1915 by Captain Nicholas at Orange. A note at the top of his Attestation Paper reads ‘Presented himself 24/10/1915 with form signed by Metcalfe [the doctor at Wellington]. Sworn in 24/10/15’.

His Application to Enlist in the Australian Imperial Force form, addressed to the Recruiting Officer at Wellington, was signed by both his father Thomas Collyer and stepmother Ellen Collyer, so perhaps he had travelled back to Wongarbon to get the consent of his parents, before he caught up with the Coo-ees at Orange. He claimed that he had no previous military service.

‘William Colyer’ [sic] was listed in The Leader as one of the men who were recruited at Orange to join the Coo-ees.[3]

‘W. Collyer’ was listed as one of the ‘Wongarbon boys’ with the Coo-ees in The Dubbo Liberal and Macquarie Advocate.[4]

After completing the remainder of the march he went to Liverpool Camp as reinforcement for the 13th Battalion.

The Wellington Times reported that Privates W. Collyer and H. Saunders  were presented with wristlet watches by the residents of Wongarbon at a farewell social while they  were home on final leave on 3rd March 1916.[5]

On his embarkation roll his address at time of enrolment was Wongarbon, N.S.W., and his next of kin is listed as his father, T. Collyer, Wongarbon, N.S.W.

On 8th March 1916 Private Collyer, along with many of the other Coo-ees, departed Sydney on the HMAT A15 Star of England.  He arrived in Egypt on 11th April 1916.

On 16th April 1916 he transferred to the 4th Division Artillery at Tel-el-Kebir, and was taken on strength of the 10th Field Artillery Brigade.  He was also mustered as a Driver.

On 25th May 1916 he was transferred to the Artillery Training Depot at Tel-el-Kebir.

On 28th May 1916 Gunner Collyer left Alexandria on the HMT Corsican, bound for England.  He disembarked at Plymouth on 12th June 1916, for further training.

On 30th July 1916 Gunner Collyer departed England bound for France.

On 9th August 1916 Gunner Collyer was taken on strength of the 4th Division Ammunition Column in France, while it was training in the vicinity of the village of Acquin, 9 miles from St. Omer.

On 14th October 1916 his rank was changed to Driver.

On 7th March 1917 Driver Collyer’s rank was changed back to Gunner.

On 29th November 1917 Gunner Collyer was granted leave to England.

On 13th December 1917 whilst on leave in England, he was admitted to the 1st Australian Dermatological Hospital at Bulford, England, sick.  He was discharged from Hospital on 1st April 1918.

On 2nd April 1918 he marched into to No. 1 Command Depot at Sutton Veny in England.

On 24th May 1918 he marched out to the Overseas Training Brigade.

On 3rd July 1918 Gunner Collyer departed Southampton for return to Le Havre, France.

Gunner Collyer rejoined his unit on 14th July 1918, when the 4th Division Ammunition Column was at Frenchencourt, France.

On 9th March 1919 Gunner Collyer left his unit, and marched into the Base Depot at Le Harve to commence his return to Australia. He departed France on 31st March 1919.

He arrived at Weymouth, England, on 1st April 1919, where he marched into the No. 4 Command Depot.

On 12th May 1919 Gunner Collyer departed England for return to Australia aboard the HT Port Napier (along with Wongarbon Coo-ee Driver Saunders).

Gunner Collyer arrived in Sydney on 5th July 1919, and was discharged on the 19th of August 1919.

 

[1] NAA: B2455, COLLYER W

[2] NSW Birth Registration 35916/1896 William A Collyer.

[3] ‘The Recruits’, Leader, 25 October 1915, p. 4. Retrieved November 26, 2016, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article117842599

[4] ‘Our Soldiers’, The Dubbo Liberal and Macquarie Advocate,  29 October 1915, p. 4. Retrieved January 26, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article77601711

[5] ‘At Wongarbon’, Wellington Times,  9 March 1916, p. 6. Retrieved November 29, 2016, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article143398796

 

Loring ASHHURST

Loring ASHHURST

Per his military service record (Depot), Loring Ashhurst stated on his Attestation Paper that he was born at Montreal, Canada.[1] (He stated on his naturalization application papers dated August 1916 that he was born in Charleston, South Carolina, in the United States of America).[2] He gave his age as 39 years and 9 months, his marital status as single (although it appears he was married), and his occupation as miner. His description on his certificate of medical examination was height 5 feet 7 inches tall, weight 160 lbs., with a dark complexion, brown eyes, and dark hair. His religious denomination was recorded as Church of England. He claimed that he had no previous military service.

He listed Alice Ashhurst, Linsley Street, Cobar, N.S.W., as his next of kin on his Attestation Paper. He listed his postal address as ‘Cobar, N.S.W.’ on his initial Application to Enlist in the Australian Imperial Force form.

The Wellington Times reported  ‘Askhurst’ as one of the 8 named men who offered themselves at the recruiting meeting held at Wongarbon.[3]  His surname is spelt differently in several newspaper articles.

He completed his medical examination on the 16th October 1915 at Wellington (the day the Coo-ees arrived at Wellington), and was attested by Captain Nicholas at Dripstone on the 18th October 1915.

A Medical History form in his service record shows he was admitted to Orange District Hospital during his time in the Coo-ee March from 23rd October 1915 to 25th October 1915 (while the Coo-ees were at Orange), with ‘congestion base right lung’, induced by ‘exposure to wet’.

Loring Asshurst appears to have been one of the 5 men reported in The Bathurst Times to have been admitted to Orange Hospital ‘suffering from influenza’ following a ‘drenching ‘.[4]  It had poured rain on the Coo-ees the morning they left Molong, on their way to Orange, on 23rd October 1915.[5]

He rejoined the Coo-ees after being in hospital at Orange.  A letter in the official correspondence of the march from W. T. Hitchen, Wallerawang, 31/10/15, addressed to Mrs Ashhurst, Cobar, reads:

Dear Mrs Ashhurst, your husband is still with the Coo-ees and is in good health. You will no doubt have heard from him before this.  Under the conditions of the march it is rather difficult at times to attend to correspondence …’[6]

After completing the Coo-ee March he went to Liverpool Camp to the Infantry Depot.

‘Askhurst’ was included in a list of ‘Wellingtonians at the front’ in the Wellington Times on 9th December 1915.[7]

The Statement of Service for Private Ashhurst in his service record shows his period of service was from 18th October 1915 until 9th January 1916.  He is listed as ‘Deserter’ in the Remarks column.

On 9th January 1916 Private Ashhurst of the Cooees Regiment or Corps was charged with desertion.  A warrant was put out for his arrest on 16th February 1916.

On 14th March 1916 Private Ashhurst was arrested at Cobar by the Civil Police. He was escorted back to the Liverpool Camp by the Military Police.

The Western Age reported that ‘A Cobar resident named Loring Ashurst, who enlisted with the Coo-ees, was arrested by police on Tuesday as a military deserter, notwithstanding the fact that he holds his discharge from Liverpool camp, dated 9th December last, stating that he was medically unfit’, and that ‘The military authorities claim that the discharge is irregular’.[8]

Loring Ashhurst sent a letter to the Editor of the Western Age, in which he stated ‘Upon arriving at Liverpool camp and being brought before the proper officers it only required a little explanation on my part to prove to them that it was through no fault of mine that the discharge, which I possessed, was irregular, but the fault of a military acting Adjutant-General’, and that ‘I consider that I have been treated very shabbily, after having done my best’.[9]

Private Ashhurst was discharged services no longer required on 17th March 1916.

[1] NAA: B2455, ASHHURST L.

[2] NAA: A1, 1916/22239  Loring Centennial Ashhurst, Naturalization application, August 1916.

[3] ‘On the Track’, Wellington Times, 18 October 1915, p. 3. Retrieved January 15, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article143388423

[4] ‘The “Coo-ees”’, The Bathurst Times, 26 October 1915, p. 2. Retrieved January 15, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article111234699

[5] ‘The Route March’, The Farmer and Settler, 26 October 1915, p. 3. Retrieved January 15, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article116655979

[6] Alex Halden (Joe) Miller,  Gilgandra Coo-ee Recruitment March correspondence and papers, 1915-1939, letter from W. T. Hitchen to Mrs Asshurst, Cobar, 31 October 1915.

[7] ‘Serving the Empire’, Wellington Times, 9 December 1915, p. 8. Retrieved January 15, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article143397726

[8] ‘Summary’, Western Age, 17 March 1916, p. 2. Retrieved January 15, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article136725191

[9] To the Editor’, Western Age, 21 March 1916, p. 2. Retrieved January 15, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article136724511

 

Thomas SHAW

Thomas SHAW

Per his military service record (regimental no. 4896), Thomas Shaw was born at Draycott in the Clay, Staffordshire, England.[1] He gave his age as 36 years and 8 months, his marital status as single, and his occupation as farmer labourer. His description on his certificate of medical examination was height 5 feet 5 ½ inches tall, weight 11 stone 2 lbs., with a fair complexion, blue eyes, and fair hair. His religious denomination was Church of England. He claimed that he had no previous military service.

He completed his medical examination on the 16th October 1915 at Wellington (the day the Coo-ees arrived at Wellington), and was attested by Captain Nicholas at Stuart Town on the 19th October 1915. His “Joined on” date on his Attestation Paper was 18th October 1915, the day the Coo-ees left Wellington, and marched to Dripstone.

After completing the Coo-ee March he went to Liverpool Camp as reinforcement for the 13th Battalion.

On his embarkation roll his address at time of enrolment was not recorded, and his next of kin was listed as his sister, Mrs P. White, Bruce Bridge, Heath, Lincoln, England.

On 8th March 1916 Private Shaw along with many of the other Coo-ees departed Sydney on the HMAT A15 Star of England, and arrived in Egypt on the 11th April 1916.

On the 16th April 1916 Private Shaw was transferred to the 4th Pioneer Battalion at Tel-el-Kebir.

On 4th June 1916 Private Shaw left Alexandria aboard the Transport Scotian, bound for France.  He arrived at Marseilles on 11th June 1916.

Just two months later, on 7th August 1916 the 4th Pioneer Battalion was constructing communication trenches in Becourt Wood, France, when Private Shaw was wounded in action, receiving gunshot wounds to his left leg, and neck. He was evacuated to the 4th General Hospital at Camiers, France, the next day.

On 20th August 1916 he was moved to Calais, France, and transferred to England aboard the Hospital Ship Newhaven.  He was admitted to the Carrington Military Hospital at Nottingham, England on 21st August 1916.

On 2nd September 1916 Private Shaw was transferred to the 1st Australian Auxiliary Hospital at Harefield, England.

On the 23rd of October 1916 Private Shaw was moved to the 3rd Auxiliary Hospital at Dartford with Myalgia.

On 14th January 1917 Private Shaw departed Southampton, England, on the Hospital Ship Kanowna, bound for Australia.

He arrived in Sydney on 11th March 1917, and was discharged Medically Unfit on 29th August 1917.

[1] NAA: B2455, SHAW THOMAS

Jacob Isak PALMGREN

Jacob Isak PALMGREN

Per his military service record (Depot), Jacob Isak Palmgren was born at Stockholm, Sweden. He stated he was a naturalised British subject. He gave his age as 33 years and 10 months, his marital status as single, and his occupation as engine driver. His description on his certificate of medical examination was height 5 feet 6 ½ inches tall, weight 154 lbs., with a dark complexion, blue eyes, and brown hair. His religious denomination was Lutherian.   He listed his next of kin as friend, Mr. W. Richard, Wongarbon, N.S.W.

“J. T. Palmyren” was reported in The Dubbo Liberal and Macquarie Advocate on 29th October 1915 as being one of the ‘Wongarbon boys’ with the Coo-ees.[1]

It appears he was one of the thirteen men who stepped forward and gave his name, ‘either to march under Captain Nicholas, or to come after harvest’, when the Coo-ees recruited in Wongarbon on 14th October 1915.[2]

He completed his medical examination on the 16th October 1915 at Wellington (while the Coo-ees were staying in this town).  He was attested by Captain Nicholas while the Coo-ees were at Stuart Town on the 19th October 1915. He claimed that he had no previous military service.

After completing the remainder of the Coo-ee March he went to Liverpool Camp as reinforcement for the 13th Battalion.

On 7th December 1915 he was charged with being absent without leave from the 3rd to the 7th of December 1915. He was fined 1 Pound.

The Wellington Times reported on 13th January 1916 that the ‘Wongarbon folk’ gave a farewell on New Year’s Eve to ‘the local lads who had joined the Coo-ees’, and were back in Wongarbon on final leave, and that the ‘guests of the evening were Sergeants T. Dowd and H. Davenport, and Privates W. McDonald, E. May, and J. Palmgren’.[3]  They were each presented with a wristlet watch.

Private Palmgren was charged with being absent without leave from the 1st to the 3rd February 1916, being absent from special all night piquet on 5th  February 1916, and being absent without leave from the 10th to the 13th February 1916.  He was fined another pound.

On 15th February 1916 Private Palmgren went before a Medical Board at Liverpool Camp due to bad haemorrhoids. On 22nd February 1916 Private Palmgren was discharged medically unfit.

On 30th December 1916 Jacob Isak Palmgren re-enlisted at Dubbo. He completed his medical examination, and was attested, at Dubbo on 30th December 1916.  He was at Sydney Showground Camp in 3rd Depot Battalion from 2nd January to the 4th January 1917, then was placed in the 9th reinforcements for the 45th Battalion on 4th January 1917.

On his embarkation roll his address at time of enrolment was Wongarbon, N.S.W.  His next of kin was listed as his friend, William Richard, Wongarbon, Western Line, N.S.W.  His religion was recorded on this document as Unitarian.

Private Palmgren (regimental no. 3432) departed Sydney on the HMAT Anchises A68 just over three weeks from re-enlisting, on 24th January 1917. He arrived at Devonport in England on 27th March 1917.

He marched into the 12th Training Battalion at Codford the same day.

Two days later, on 29th March 1917 Private Palmgren was admitted to the 1st Australian Dermatological Hospital at Bulford sick. He was transferred to Parkhouse on 23rd April 1917.  He was discharged from hospital on 9th May 1917.

On 2nd November 1917 Private Palmgren departed Southampton, England, for France, as reinforcement for the 45th Battalion.  He arrived in Havre, France, the next day, and marched in to the Australian Infantry Base Depot.

On 8th November 1917 he marched out to join the 36th Battalion.

On 17th November 1917 he was taken on strength of the 36th Battalion from the 9th reinforcements for the 45th Battalion, when the 36th Battalion was resting at Vieux-Berquin, France.

On12th February 1918 Private Palmgren was admitted to hospital sick. He rejoined the 36th Battalion on 14th February 1918.

On 30th April 1918 Private Palmgren was transferred to the 34th Battalion while it was at Franvillers.   He also was admitted to the Casualty Clearing Station sick with Influenza on the same day.

On 2nd May 1918 he was admitted to the 3rd Stationary Hospital at Rouen with Influenza. He was transferred to No. 2 Convalescent Depot at Rouen  on 6th May 1918. He was moved to the No. 1 Convalescent Depot at Rouelles the next day.  He was discharged to the Australian Infantry  Base Depot on  Havre on 17th May 1918.

On 12th June 1918 he marched back out to the Front , and rejoined his unit on 18th June 1918.

On 11th July 1918 Private Palmgren was charged with being absent without leave from 9.30 pm on 6th July 1918 to 9.30 pm on 8th July 1918. He was awarded 14 days Field Punishment No. 2 and forfeiture of 17 days days pay.

On 20th July 1918 he was admitted to the 5rh Casualty Clearing Station sick with Pyrexia. He rejoined his unit on 29th July 1918.

On 23rd August 1918 Private Palmgren was slightly wounded in action when the 34th Battalion was in the line near Vaire-sous-Corbie, France.  He remained on duty with the Battalion.

On 31st August 1918 he was wounded a second time when the 34th Battalion was attacking along the Somme River between Bray and Curlu, France. He was admitted to the 53rd Casualty Clearing Station. The next day we was evacuated, and admitted to the 2nd General Hospital in Havre on 1st September 1918, with a gunshot wound to his nose. On 7th September 1918 he was transferred to No. 1 Australian Convalescent Depot at Havre.

On 12th September 1918 Private Palmgren was discharged to the Australian Infantry Base Depot, where he was charged with when being on active service (1) drunkenness, and (2) absent from 9.30 pm to 9.45 pm on 9th September 1918. He was awarded forfeiture of 14 days pay.

He was admitted to the 39th General Hospital in Havre two days later, on 14th September 1918.  He remained in hospital until 5th November 1918, when he was discharge to the Australian Infantry Base Depot at Havre.

On 16th November 1918 Private Palmgren was charged with being absent with drunkenness and being absent without leave from 0930 to 2130 on 8th November 1918. He was also charged with being in town without a pass.  He was awarded 14 days field punishment no. 2, and forfeited 15 days pay.

Private Palmgren marched out to rejoin his unit on 2nd December 1918.

On 18th January 1919 Private Palmgren was chargd with being absent without leave from 0900 to 1930 on 5th January 1919, and drunkenness.  He was awarded 7 days field punishment no. 2, and forfeited 9 days pay.

Private Palmgren departed France on 21st April 1919, and marched in to Codford, England on 22nd April 1919.

He was granted leave from 20th June 1919 to report to Sutton Veny on 31st July 1919.  His leave was extended to 22nd August 1919.

Private Palmgren commenced his return to Australia from England aboard the H.T.  Euripides on 8th September 1919.  He disembarked in Sydney on 24th October 1919.

He was discharged termination period of enlistment on 1st December 1919.

 

[1] ‘Our Soldiers’, The Dubbo Liberal and Macquarie Advocate,  29 October 1915, p. 4. Retrieved December 18, 2016, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article77601711

[2] ‘The Route March’, The Farmer and Settler, 19 October 1915, p. 3. Retrieved December 26, 2016, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article116648940

[3] ‘Wongarbon’,  (1916, January 13). Wellington Times, 13 January 1916, p. 5. Retrieved December 18, 2016, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article143393008

 

John BRENNAN

John BRENNAN

Per his military service record (Depot), John Brennan was born at Brisbane. He gave his age as 32 years and 2 months, his marital status as single, and his occupation as dealer. His description on his medical was height 5 feet 4 inches tall, weight 132 lbs., with a dark complexion, brown eyes, and black & grey hair. His religious denomination was Roman Catholic. He claimed that he had no previous military service.

John Brennan completed his medical examination on 26th October 1915 at Wellington (8 days after the Coo-ees had left through that town), then travelled to Blayney to catch up with the Coo-ees.  He was attested at Blayney by Captain Eade on 26th October 1915.  He claimed that he had no previous military service.

His address was recorded as ‘P.O. Geurie’ on his initial Application to Enlist in the Australian Imperial Force form .

It appears that John Brennan may have been one of the four unnamed men reported in the Wellington Times who signified their intention of joining the Coo-ee March at the appeal made at the Church of England Ball the night the Coo-ees stayed at Geurie on 15th October 1915.[1]

The Farmer and Settler reported that five men arrived to join the Coo-ees at Blayney on the 26th October 1915, by the late train from Geurie.[2]  The Dubbo Liberal and Macquarie Advocate named ‘J. Brennan’ as one of four recruits from Geurie that caught the evening mail train at Wellington to join the Coo-ees at Blayney, (joining  A. Lynne [known as a Gilgandra recruit] and W. Smith, who had caught the train at Geurie).[3]

After completing the march he went to Liverpool Camp as reinforcement for the 13th Battalion.

On 17th November 1915 Private Brennan went before a Medical Board at Liverpool Camp, where he was diagnosed to suffer from varicocele, and unfit for active service.

On 4th December 1915 Private Brennan was discharged from the A.I.F. as medically unfit.

[1] ‘Hitchen’s Coo-ees’, Wellington Times, 18 October 1915, p. 3, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article143388423

[2] ‘Gilgandra to the Coast : the “Snowball” growing as it rolls’, The Farmer and Settler, 29 October, 1915, p. 3, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article116671286

[3] ‘Geurie’, The Dubbo Liberal and Macquarie Advocate, 29 October 1915, p. 2, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article77601626

 

Sidney James De Courcy HEUSTON

Sidney James De Courcy HEUSTON

Pte. S. Heuston (The Globe and Sunday Times War Pictorial, 14/10/1916)

Pte. S. Heuston (The Globe and Sunday Times War Pictorial, 14/10/1916)

Per his military service record (regimental no. 4796), Sidney James De Courcy Heuston was born at Coonamble, N.S.W.  He gave his age as 18 years and 1 month, his marital status as single, and his occupation as plumber.  His description on his medical was height 5 feet 7 ¾ inches tall, weight 8 stone 3 lbs., with a dark complexion, grey eyes, and dark brown hair.  His religious denomination was Methodist.  He claimed that he had four years previous military service with the Senior Cadets.

Written on the top of his Attestation Paper is that he ‘Presented at Orange 24/10/15’.  He completed his medical examination on the 24th October 1915 at Orange, and was attested by Captain Nicholas at Orange on 24th October 1915.  “S. J. Deloury Hewston”was named as one of the men who were recruited to join the Coo-ees at Orange in the Leader. [1]

His initial Application to Enlist in the Australian Imperial Force form dated 24th October 1915 was addressed to the Recruiting Officer at Orange, and his postal address was Parkes Street, Wellington.  His parents George Heuston and Louise Heuston both signed this form, giving consent for their son to join, as he was under 21 years of age.  However, it was noted that he had joined the Coo-ee March at Wellington in an article in the Sunday Times a year after he had joined.[2]  His place of enlistment is listed as ‘Wellington’ on the Medical Report on an Invalid form dated 25th September 1916 in his service record.  So it appears he may first have presented to join the Coo-ees when they recruited at Wellington on 16th and 17th October 1915, then caught up with them and joined them at Orange where the Coo-ees stayed overnight on 24th October 1915, after his parents had signed his consent form.

After completing the Coo-ee March he went to Liverpool Camp as reinforcement for the 13th Battalion.

On 7th February 1916 Private Heuston was charged at Liverpool Camp with being absent from special picquet on 5th February 1916.  He was fined 5 shillings.

On his embarkation roll his address at time of enrolment was Park[es] Street, Wellington, N.S.W., and his next of kin is listed as his father, G. W. DeC. Heuston, at the same address.

On 8th March 1916 Private Heuston, along with many of the other Coo-ees, departed Sydney on the HMAT A15 Star of England, and arrived in Egypt on 11th April 1916.

On 19th April 1916, he was transferred to the 45th Battalion in Egypt, along with some of the other Coo-ees.

On 2nd June 1916 Private Hueston left Alexandria with several other Coo-ees in  45th Battalion aboard the transport Kinfauns Castle, bound for France, arriving at Marseilles on 8th June 1916.

Private Heuston served with the 45th Battalion through its first action at Fleurbaix, France, in July 1916 then as it moved to Pozieres in early August 1916.

On the night of the 5th/6th of August 1916 the 45th Battalion was in the front line trenches between Pozieres and Martinpuich, France.  Private Heuston was wounded in action on 6th August 1916, suffering a gunshot wound to his right leg, and was evacuated to the 3rd Casualty Clearing Station.

He was then admitted to the 13th General Hospital at Boulogne, France, on 7th August 1916.

On 11th August 1916 Private Hueston was sent by the Hospital Ship Jan Breydel to England, and admitted to the 1st Birmingham War Hospital, with a gunshot wound to the right thigh.

On 6th September 1916 Private Heuston was transferred to the 1st Australian Auxiliary Hospital at Harefield, England (3 days after Captain Bill Hitchen had died in the same hospital).

On 28th September 1916 he was discharged from hospital and sent to Weymouth, England.

On 12th November 1916 Private Heuston departed England aboard the H.T. Wiltshire, bound for Australia.

He arrived in Sydney on 31st December 1916, and was discharged medically unfit on 28th February 1917.

[1] ‘The Recruits’, Leader, 25 October 1915,  p. 4, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article117842599

[2] ‘The Coo-ees’, Sunday Times, 8 October 1916, p. 9, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article121335018

 

Henry NEIRHOFF

Henry NEIRHOFF

Per his military service record (regimental no. 6836), Henry Neirhoff was born at Sydney, N.S.W.  He gave his age as 24 years and 1 month, his marital status as single, and his occupation as labourer.  His description on his Certificate of medical examination was height 5 feet 3 inches tall, weight 133 lbs, with a fair complexion, blue eyes, and auburn hair.  His religious denomination was Church of England.

‘H. Nierhoff’[sic] was named as being one of the ‘Wongarbon boys’ with the Coo-ees in the Dubbo Liberal and Macquarie Advocate.[1]  He may have been one of the thirteen men who stepped forward and gave his name, ‘either to march under Captain Nicholas, or to come after harvest’, when the Coo-ees recruited in Wongarbon on 14th October 1915.[2]

An initial Application to Enlist in the Australian Imperial Force form in his file was addressed to the Recruiting Officer at Wellington, and gave his postal address as Wongarbon, and was dated 17th October 1915 (the date the Coo-ees left Wellington).

‘H. Neirhoff’ was named as one of six men who joined the Coo-ees ‘on the road from Wellington’ in the Molong Express and Western District Advertiser.[3]

Henry Neirhoff completed his medical examination at Molong on 22nd October 1915, and was attested by Captain Nicholas at ‘Molong (8 miles east)’, along with several other Coo-ees, on 22nd October 1915.  He claimed to have no previous military experience.

After completing the Coo-ee March he went to Liverpool Camp as a reinforcement for the 13th Battalion.

On Monday 3rd January 1916 Private Neirhoff was presented with a wristlet watch by the people of Wongarbon as a send-off present at the Wongarbon Railway Station platform.[4]

On Private Neirhoff’s embarkation roll his address at time of enrolment was Wongarbon, N.S.W., and his next of kin is listed as his brother, R. [Rudolph] Neirhoff, Penshurst, N.S.W.

Private Neirhoff departed Sydney on the SS Port Nicholson on 8th November 1916 with the 22nd reinforcements for the 13th Battalion.

He arrived at Devonport, England on 10th January 1917, and marched into the 4th Training Battalion at Codford, England.

On 16th February 1917 Private Neirhoff was charged with overstaying his leave from midnight 2nd February 1917 till noon 12th February 1917. He was sentenced to 10 days detention and fined 23 days pay.

On 27th February 1917 Private Neirhoff was sent to Bulford Hospital with Scabies. He was discharged on 6th March 1917.

On 22nd May 1917 Private Neirhoff departed from Southampton, England, bound for France.  He was taken on strength of the 13th Battalion on 10th June 1917, when it was in the front line in the vicinity of Messines, Belgium.

On 20th December 1917 a Field General Court Martial was held where Private Neirhoff was charged with desertion whilst on active service from Belgian Chateau camp on 23rd September 1917, to 7th November 1917.  He pleaded not guilty, and was found not guilty of desertion, but guilty of being absent without leave.  He was sentenced to 2 years hard labour.

On 3rd January 1918 Private Neirhoff was admitted to No. 4 Military Prison at Rouen, France, to commence his sentence.

On 31st October 1918 Private Neirhoff was sent to the 10th General Hospital at Rouen, France, suffering Piles.  He was sent back to prison on 9th November 1918.

On 4th February 1919 Private Neirhoff was released from prison with the unserved portion of his sentence suspended.  He rejoined the 13th Battalion on 12th February 1919.

On 4th March 1919 Private Neirhoff was detached for duty at the Corps workshop at Jeumont, France.

On 26th April 1919 he was sent to the Base Depot at Le Harve.

He departed France on 13th May 1919, and arrived in Southampton, England, on 14th of May 1919.

On 23rd July 1919 Private Neirhoff departed England aboard the H.M.A.T. Main, bound for Australia.

He arrived in Sydney on 15th October 1919, and was discharged Termination of Period of Enlistment on 7th November 1919.

[1] ‘Our Soldiers’, The Dubbo Liberal and Macquarie Advocate, 29 October 1915, p. 4, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article77601711

[2] The Route March’, The Farmer and Settler, 19 October 1915, p. 3, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article116648940

[3] ‘The “Coo-ees” Come’, Molong Express and Western District Advertiser, 23 October 1915, p. 10, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article101050484

[4] ‘Wongarbon Soldiers Farewelled’, The Dubbo Liberal and Macquarie Advocate, 7 January 1916, p. 5, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article77603646